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There are those who say that they are acting as an “Ezekiel watchman”, doing an “Ezekiel work” and sending out an “Ezekiel warning”. Some might wonder, was the prophet Ezekiel a failure, so that others must do his job, more than 2500 years later? This study considers the prophet Ezekiel and his mission, and compares the “Ezekiel message” dogma with what the Bible says. It will also be explained how that dogma came to be formed, what its origin is.
(This article belongs to a series on what biblical prophecy says about the fate of the ten lost tribes of Israel.)
Before taking a closer look at the “Ezekiel message” dogma which was created around 1930, let us first consider certain things regarding the book of Ezekiel.
A number of the prophecies which are recorded in that book, were fulfilled a long time ago, in Old Testament times. Some of those things will be discussed here. But, that book contains even still unfulfilled prophecies. This article proceeds to show from the Scriptures, that the warnings (regarding a captivity, and more) which the prophet Ezekiel was given to deliver, were directed to Israelites of his own day. It will also be shown that the things which those Israelites were warned about, then also happened, back in those days. And also, that many of the prophecies that have not yet been fulfilled, talk about good things which are in store, for the tribes of Israel.
A note: The article roa171.htm considers the final, “mysterious” chapters 40–48 in the book of Ezekiel.
Apparently, it was created by the American preacher Herbert Armstrong (1892–1986). In the late 1920s, he wrote a paper titled “What Is the Third Angel’s Message?” where he combined Anglo-Israelism with the Adventist “third angel’s message” dogma. Over time, that combination evolved into the “Ezekiel message” dogma.
The dogma regarding “the third angel’s message” came into existence in the aftermath of the Millerite “great disappointment” which took place in 1843/1844 when people realised that the “prophecies” of the Baptist preacher William Miller were nonsense. He had said that Jesus was to return in 1843, and then in 1844. When this did not happen, some came with explanations regarding what supposedly had happened, “invisibly” or in other ways. A part of this was that some Adventist Millerites claimed that the third angel of Revelation 14:9 “had proclaimed his message”, prior to 1843/1844. Some others claimed that “the third angel’s message” was still to be proclaimed – not by an angel but by some church or preacher.
It appears that the Adventist “third angel’s message” dogma was created by in a special way combining Revelation 14:9 which mentions the third angel, with the words “come out of her” in Revelation 18:4. That dogma was retained even by some splinter groups, including one that took the name “Church of God”, in Stanberry, Missouri. In 1925, that church published its own version of the “third angel’s message” dogma, as a part of a series of papers on “doctrinal matters”. In the years that followed, that tract came to be widely spread. Also the earlier mentioned preacher Herbert Armstrong who in those days was affiliated with that church, wrote that he felt that “the third angel’s message” was to go forth “with a loud shout”. This was not his idea; he was only echoing what that Stanberry church was saying and doing. It is said that at least in 1929, that church even broadcast its “third angel’s message” on radio, with the preacher A. N. Dugger as a speaker.
Already in 1928, Armstrong produced his own, modified version of that dogma, and wrote it down as an article, under the title ‘What is the Third Angel’s Message?’ He tried to make that Stanberry-based church accept that article, apparently, for publication, but they never published it. However, in their paper ‘Bible Advocate’, they published some other articles by Armstrong. One of them (in 1928) bore the title ‘Have We Tarried for the Power to Carry the Third Angel’s Message?’
In the early 1930s, that Stanberry-based church was split in two, and Armstrong went over to the new split (which came to be based in Salem, Oregon). He became one of its “seventy elders”. In 1939, that church fired Armstrong and revoked his “credentials”, because he taught things which were not accepted by that church. After this, Armstrong started a church of his own.
Over time, he modified his own variant of the “third angel’s message” dogma. It came to include such concepts as “being an Ezekiel watchman”, “doing an Ezekiel work” and “proclaiming an Ezekiel warning” (“a final warning”).
That is the process through which the Adventist “third angel’s message” dogma evolved into the “Ezekiel message” doctrine, which then came to form a part of Armstrong’s variant of Anglo-Israelism.
Putting that in another way: Armstrong combined his never published article ‘What is the Third Angel’s Message?’, with things from other sources such as a book titled ‘Judah’s Sceptre and Joseph’s Birthright’ by the “holiness” preacher J. H. Allen. In that way, Armstrong produced a booklet with the title ‘United States and Britain in Prophecy’. As years went by, that booklet and its later editions were spread it great numbers. That was then combined with booklets regarding the “Ezekiel message” dogma.
A part of the mission of the prophet Ezekiel (who lived and prophesied more than 2500 years ago) was that the Lord sent him to warn “the house of Israel”, regarding certain things. Ezekiel 33:7, “So you, O son of man, I have set you a watchman to the house of Israel; therefore you shall hear the word at my mouth, and warn them from me” (AKJV). The preceding verse mentions the sounding of an alarm trumpet. The wider context makes things clearer and shows that Ezekiel was sent to warn the few Israelites (mostly Jews, people of the southern tribes) who in those days still lived in the Promised Land. They were told that if they did not repent and turn to the Lord, even they would be taken into captivity, just as most Israelites already had been.
Some writers and preachers who have copied the earlier mentioned dogma by Herbert Armstrong, have claimed that the warning which the prophet Ezekiel was told to give to certain ancient Israelites, applies to our day and age, and that God has sent them (those preachers) to proclaim such a warning. They have called themselves “Ezekiel watchmen”, and said that they are doing an “Ezekiel work” by publishing an “Ezekiel message” and proclaiming an “Ezekiel warning to the house of Israel”.
Proponents of the “Ezekiel warning” dogma have caused many people to believe that the warning prophecies which Ezekiel more than 2500 years ago was sent to proclaim, have not been fulfilled yet. Also, they have caused people to believe that the Anglo-Saxon people belong to the ten lost tribes of Israel, and that the warnings which are recorded in the book of Ezekiel are directed to the Anglo-Saxons. But, the Scriptures and the records of history make it clear that the prophecies in question were fulfilled in Old Testament times. Those who study the Bible with care, will find that the various warnings which Ezekiel was given to deliver, applied to people and events of his own day and age.
A note: The book of Ezekiel in the Old Testament contains even some prophecies which have not been fulfilled yet, but they are mostly regarding good and positive things. This matter is discussed later in this article. Also, it will be in a detailed manner shown what and whom the word “Israel” actually refers to, in the book of Ezekiel.
The below-quoted passage records how the prophet Ezekiel was told to warn certain people, just as a watchman on a town-wall would sound an alarm with a trumpet if he saw some danger or an enemy approaching.
Ezekiel 33:1 Again the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 2 Son of man, speak to the children of your people, and say to them, When I bring the sword on a land, if the people of the land take a man of their coasts, and set him for their watchman: 3 If when he sees the sword come on the land, he blow the trumpet, and warn the people; 4 Then whoever hears the sound of the trumpet, and takes not warning; if the sword come, and take him away, his blood shall be on his own head. 5 He heard the sound of the trumpet, and took not warning; his blood shall be on him. But he that takes warning shall deliver his soul. 6 But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned; if the sword come, and take any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at the watchman’s hand. 7 So you, O son of man, I have set you a watchman to the house of Israel; therefore you shall hear the word at my mouth, and warn them from me. (AKJV)
This was more than 2500 years ago. The Lord sent Ezekiel to warn the few Israelites who in those days still lived in the land of Israel, regarding things which were soon to happen if they did not repent and turn back to the Lord. The Old Testament records in a detailed way how the things which Ezekiel was sent to warn about, then also happened.
But, some preachers have claimed that Ezekiel 33:1–7 refers to them, and not to the prophet Ezekiel as the Scriptures say. They have threatened their followers that if they do not support the preacher in his “Ezekiel warning work”, there will be “blood on their heads”, for their failure to help the preacher to do his “watchman duty”.
And again, some writers and preachers have caused people to think that the book of Ezekiel talks about the Anglo-Saxon people. They have claimed that it says that Britain and USA will soon be subjected to attacks, perhaps nuclear ones, and that through that, those countries and their cities will become “desolate” and “waste”. – Read on:
Ezekiel 12:17 And the word of the Lord came to me, saying: 18 Son of man, eat thy bread in trouble and drink thy water in hurry and sorrow. 19 And say to the people of the land: Thus saith the Lord God to them that dwell in Jerusalem in the land of Israel: They shall eat their bread in care, and drink their water in desolation: that the land may become desolate from the multitude that is therein, for the iniquity of all that dwell therein. 20 And the cities that are now inhabited shall be laid waste, and the land shall be desolate: and you shall know that I am the Lord. (DR1899)
(Even certain other passages in the book of Ezekiel refer to this.)
The prophet Ezekiel was told to warn the few Israelites who in those days still lived in the Promised Land. Through the prophet, the Lord let them know that if they did not turn back to Him, even they would be taken into captivity, just as most of the Israelites had already been. Through that, the land of Israel and its towns were to become “desolate” and “waste”, which is to say, empty and without inhabitants.
And, as things went, those people did not heed the warnings, and consequently, even they were taken into captivity. Because of this, the land of Israel and its towns became “desolate” (without inhabitants) and “waste” (empty), for a long time.
Please note that the warning recorded in Ezekiel 12:19–20 referred to the land of Israel (Canaan), and not some other land or lands.
Later, in the days of Ezra, some Jews returned to that land. But, the ten northern tribes (who had been exiled much earlier) never returned.
Here, one must keep in mind that Ezekiel’s warning regarding an exile was not directed to Israel’s ten lost tribes. They had been driven into exile already at an earlier time.
Those ten lost tribes still remain dispersed among other nations, without a country of their own. Their promised restoration has not taken place yet.
(The article rya052.htm sorts out the “2520 years” dogma which claims that the promised restoration took place in the early 1800s. The article rya012.htm has some notes on what biblical prophecy actually says, in regard to the fate of the tribes of Israel.)
Once again: The prophet Ezekiel was sent to warn the few Israelites, mostly people of Israel’s southern tribes (Jews), who in those days still lived in the Promised Land. We can be certain that the Lord saw to it that that warning did reach them. But, they did not take heed, and so, the things they had been warned about, also came to happen. The fulfilment of those warning prophecies is recorded in the Old Testament.
When one reads the book of Ezekiel, one must discern between prophecies which have already been fulfilled, and such that have not. The things that Ezekiel prophesied regarding Judah and Jerusalem and the land of Israel (the book of Ezekiel, chapters 4–24), did happen, back in those days. They are events of the past, fulfilled prophecies, facts of history. Please read all of this scripture-quote, slowly and with care:
Ezekiel 12:26 And the word of the Lord came to me: 27 “Son of man, behold, they of the house of Israel say, ‘The vision that he sees is for many days from now, and he prophesies of times far off.’ 28 Therefore say to them, Thus says the Lord God: None of my words will be delayed any longer, but the word that I speak will be performed, declares the Lord God.” (ESV01)
Please note the words “none of my words will be delayed any longer”, verse 28. That was said more than 2500 years ago. It was in those days that there was no more delay.
Now, exactly what does the above-quoted Ezekiel 12:26–28 refer to? And, whom were those words directed to? The answer to those questions is found in the context.
Ezekiel 12:10 Say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God: This oracle concerns the prince in Jerusalem and all the house of Israel who are in it.’ 11 Say, ‘I am a sign for you: as I have done, so shall it be done to them. They shall go into exile, into captivity.’ 12 And the prince who is among them shall lift his baggage upon his shoulder at dusk, and shall go out. They shall dig through the wall to bring him out through it. He shall cover his face, that he may not see the land with his eyes. 13 And I will spread my net over him, and he shall be taken in my snare. And I will bring him to Babylon, the land of the Chaldeans, yet he shall not see it, and he shall die there. (ESV01, highlighting added)
(The last part of verse 13 refers to what is recorded in Jeremiah 52:11.)
Verse 10: The phrase “all the house of Israel who are in it” refers to those Israelites, mostly Jews, who in those days still lived in Jerusalem. The “prince” which that verse refers to was Zedekiah whom king Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had made a ruler in Judea, see 2 Kings 24:17 with its context.
Here is a quote from ‘Antiquities of the Jews’ by the ancient Jewish-Roman writer Josephus:
“[…] Ezekiel also foretold in Babylon what calamities were coming upon the people, which when he heard, he sent accounts of them to Jerusalem; but Zedekiah did not believe their prophecies […]” (‘Antiquities of the Jews’, 10.7.106, translation by William Whiston.)
(“Their prophecies”, plural – even the prophet Jeremiah is mentioned in the context, in that book by Josephus.)
A side-note: Some have created dogmas regarding Zedekiah’s daughters. Concerning that matter, see the articles rya112.htm, rya122.htm and rya102.htm.
A note: This matter is discussed here and in an appendix, because some writers have claimed that the word “Israel” in the book of Ezekiel refers the Anglo-Saxon people and that the passages where that book mentions the land of Israel and its towns refer to Britain and the USA and towns in those countries.
In the Scriptures, “Israel” and “house of Israel” are flexible terms. Sometimes they refer to the whole nation, all tribes, but sometimes only to a part of it, for instance the Jews. The word “Israel” was also used as a name for the land of Israel. That is, the one and only earthly Promised Land, the one which lies by the eastern coast of the Mediterranean sea.
The word “Israel” occurs circa 169 times in the book of Ezekiel. Many of those 169 occurrences refer to the Jews, the house of Judah, people of the southern part of ancient Israel. There are some notes on this below, and more in an appendix at the end of this article.
The book of Ezekiel contains around 10 passages where the word “Israel” is used alone, without any qualifying words. It has no “standard meaning” in that book. Sometimes it refers to the whole nation (all tribes), but sometimes only to some part of that land or nation, such as the Jews. An example:
Ezekiel 9:8 […] Ah Lord God! will you destroy all the residue of Israel in your pouring out of your fury on Jerusalem? (AKJV)
“The residue of Israel” = the Jews who in those days still remained in Jerusalem.
The appendix at the end of this article shows in more detail how the word “Israel” is used, in certain phrases and combinations, in the book of Ezekiel.
A note: In the New Testament, things are slightly different when it comes to the word “Israel”. There, it nearly always refers to the Jews (consisting mostly of people of the southern tribes of Israel). It is also used to refer to a physical land-area (in practice, Judea and Galilee). The article rya083.htm has some notes on this.
Again, some preachers have claimed that they are doing what the prophet Ezekiel was sent to do more than 2500 years ago. This of course leads to the question, did not the prophet Ezekiel do his job? Was he a failure?
Here, one must keep in mind that the warnings which the Lord told Ezekiel to deliver to the people who in those days lived in the land of Israel, were concerning things which then also happened, a few years after those warnings were given.
Ezekiel 8:1, 14:1 and 20:1 mention how the elders of Judah and Israel came to hear Ezekiel. The first of those passages talks about “the sixth year” and the last of them about “the seventh year”, referring to years after Jehoiachin’s captivity, see Ezekiel 1:2. So, Ezekiel 8:1 and 20:1 refer to circa 598–597 BCE. This was a few years before Jerusalem was destroyed – 586 BCE, which is when the warning prophecies the Lord had sent through Ezekiel, were fulfilled. At that time, even the few Israelites who still remained in the land of Israel, were taken as captives, to Babylon.
So, how is it, did the Lord warn those people, or not? Of course he did. Did he allow Ezekiel to fail? Of course not.
Again: Keep in mind that the warnings Ezekiel was sent to deliver, were regarding things which then happened, only a few years later, around year 586 BCE.
The Lord took the Israelites out from Egypt and took them to the Promised Land, the land of Canaan. Later, when they were not faithful to the Lord, he drove them out from that land, into captivity and dispersion. In the case of the ten northern tribes of Israel, that happened in two “waves”, circa 734 and 722 BCE. In the case of the southern tribes, the Jews, that happened in three “waves”, circa 605, 597 and 586 BCE.
Anglo-Israelist writers have, in effect, caused people to believe that at a later time, the ten northern tribes of Israel were to receive some other “promised land”, or even several such lands, elsewhere in the world, and that after some time they would be taken away from those other lands, to a new captivity. But, those who carefully study the Bible, will find that it does not say anything of that kind. It does not mention any new exile, from some other “promised land”.
By the way, what is the origin of those people who since the 1800s have moved to the land of Israel and call themselves Jews? The article rya012.htm has some notes on that matter.
It is true that a part of the book of Ezekiel contains a number of prophecies that refer to what is going to happen to the tribes of Israel in still future times. But, those prophecies talk about good things, about how those tribes will finally be gathered and restored, after Jesus has come, and about those Israelites’ still future return to the one and only earthly Promised Land, and, after this, renewed blessings there. (This is regarding the contents of Ezekiel 33 to 39.)
A note: There are no mystical “2520 years” connected to the promised restoration and renewed blessing, as some have claimed. That is an invented dogma which is based on a word that occurs in some English bible-translations but is not found in the Hebrew text of the passages in question. (The earlier mentioned Baptist preacher William Miller had a dogma regarding “2520 years”. Anglo-Israelist writers have produced their own variant of that dogma, and have then used it for their own purposes, in connection with Leviticus 26:18 and 21 and so on. The article rya052.htm sorts out that matter.)
Here is a comparison between the message of hope which is found in the book of Ezekiel, and the Good Tidings which the apostle Simon Peter proclaimed. Read the following scripture-quotes slowly and with care, point for point, comparing them with each other.
|Ezekiel 36:22 “Therefore, say to the house of Israel […] 24 “For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands, and bring you into your own land. 25 “Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 “Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 “And I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. 28 “And you will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. (NASB77)||Acts 2:36 “Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ—this Jesus whom you crucified.” […] 38 And Peter said to them, “Repent, and let each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39 “For the promise is for you and your children, and for all who are far off, as many as the Lord our God shall call to Himself.” 40 And with many other words he solemnly testified and kept on exhorting them, saying, “Be saved from this perverse generation!” (NASB77)|
If one carefully reads those texts, and compares them with each other, one will notice some striking similarities. Ezekiel wrote about the tribes of Israel being saved and gathered together, about washing with water, about receiving the Holy Spirit, and about being taken to the (earthly) Promised Land. Also the apostle Peter spoke about washing with water, about receiving the Holy Spirit, about being saved, and about the Promise.
Thus, on that day of the first-fruits (Pentecost, Acts 2), Simon Peter spoke about things of the same kind as we find in the book of Ezekiel, chapter 36. In other words: Ezekiel and Simon Peter both proclaimed Good Tidings, a message of hope. (The saints – those who received the Holy Spirit in the first century and in some cases even earlier – were a “firstfruits” fulfilment of those prophetic words. The larger, main fulfilment has not taken place yet.)
Links to the other 14 parts in this series on the tribes of Israel are found in the “recommended reading” section, after the appendix below.
Clarification: “The children of Israel” simply means “the descendants of Jacob”. Patriarch Jacob’s other name was Israel, see Genesis 32:28 with its context.
That phrase occurs 11 times in the book of Ezekiel, as the 1769 KJ version has it. It had no “standard meaning”; it was used in a relative way, just as words and phrases normally are, in human language. Sometimes it referred to all of Jacob’s descendants, but sometimes it was used of some specific part of that nation.
In that context, some writers have been careless with the facts. For instance, some have claimed that Ezekiel 2:3 which records that the prophet was sent to “the children of Israel” refers to the ten northern tribes who were already in exile. But again, those who study the book of Ezekiel with care and with open eyes, will notice that the exile-related prophecies which are recorded in it, were directed to the few Israelites who in those days still remained in the land of Israel and had not yet been taken into exile.
That word occurs 26 times in the book of Ezekiel. It referred to the town Jerusalem, the capital of Judah. (Before the division which occurred in the days of king Solomon’s son Rehoboam, Jerusalem had been the capital of the whole nation.)
Well, sometimes the word “Jerusalem” referred even to people: The few Israelites, mostly Jews, who in Ezekiel’s day still lived in that town. – This clear fact is mentioned here only because some writers have claimed or insinuated that for instance the in Ezekiel 4:1–8 recorded symbolic siege against Jerusalem referred to some other place, some other country and some other time.
The in Ezekiel 4 mentioned symbolic siege which the prophet had to perform, pictured the literal siege which then occurred when Nebuchadnezzar’s troops came and surrounded and then took that town, around year 586 BCE.
It is worth noting that the book of Ezekiel mentions Samaria [the capital of the ten northern tribes, before their exile] only 6 times, while Jerusalem [originally the capital of the whole nation but in those days the capital of Judah] is mentioned 26 times.
The word “Judah” occurs 15 times in Ezekiel’s book. It referred to the southern tribes of Israel, the Jews, but one must keep in mind that in Ezekiel’s day, most Jews were already in exile, including Ezekiel himself. (He was of the tribe of Levi who were also counted as Jews.) However, a small part of the house of Judah still remained in the land of Israel; it was those people the prophet was told to warn and tell them that a captivity was about to come, even for them. (That is, if they did not repent and turn to the Lord and follow His instructions.)
An example of the use of the word “Judah” in the book of Ezekiel:
Ezekiel 8:1 […] I was sitting in my house and the elders of Judah were sitting in front of me […] (HCSB)
That phrase occurs 15 times in the book of Ezekiel. There, it referred to literal mountains in the land of Canaan, and by extension also the few Israelites who in those days still lived in that country. An example:
Ezekiel 6:3 You are to say: Mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord God! This is what the Lord God says to the mountains and the hills, to the ravines and the valleys: I am about to bring a sword against you, and I will destroy your high places. (HCSB)
Please note that those mountains were in the land of Israel (Canaan), and not in some other land. The same goes for the phrase “the mountain of the height of Israel” which occurs 2 times in that book; even that phrase referred to the one and only earthly Promised Land. Please also note that for instance the warning prophecy which is recorded in the above-quoted Ezekiel 6:3, was then fulfilled, and is now a thing of the distant past.
The phrase “all the house of Israel” occurs 7 times in Ezekiel’s book (as the KJV1769 has it). That phrase indeed referred to all of Israel, including Judah.
The phrase “my people Israel” occurs 4 times in the book of Ezekiel. Even that phrase referred to all of Israel, including Judah.
Please tell others about this site. Please also link to it. The address to the table of contents page is biblepages.net/contents.htm
An explanation of the short names for the bible-translations that are quoted or mentioned at this site. → rsa092.htm
On Matthew 24:21 and Revelation 7:14 and what the Scriptures say about the “great tribulation”. → rta042.htm
On the words “gentiles”, “pagans” and “heathen” and what they actually mean and refer to. → rga012.htm
On the temple and the sacrifices of Ezekiel 40 to 48. → roa171.htm
What does the word “doctrine” really mean and refer to? Likewise, what is the meaning of the terms “dogma”, “creed” and “tenet”? → rsa082.htm
The other parts in the ‘tribes’ series:
What biblical prophecy says about the fate of the ten lost tribes of Israel. → rya012.htm
Leviticus 26:19, “and I will break the pride of your power”. How and when was the ancient Israelites’ pride broken? → rya022.htm
On the meaning of Genesis 22:17, the words “and your seed shall possess the gate of his enemies”. → rya032.htm
On what the concept “birthright” meant and referred to, in regard to inheritance, in ancient times. Also, some notes on the patriarch Jacob’s birthright, and that of his son Joseph. → rya042.htm
On the meaning of the words “seven times” in Leviticus 26:18, 21, 24 and 28. Does the wording in the Hebrew text mean “seven times more” or “sevenfold” as many translations have it, or “2520 years” as some writers have claimed? → rya052.htm
Jeremiah 30:7, “the time of Jacob’s trouble”. On what chapter 30 in the book of Jeremiah means and refers to. → rya062.htm
Matthew 10:5–6, “do not go into the way of the gentiles and do not enter a city of the Samaritans, but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel”. Who and where were those “sheep”? Where did the apostles go? → rya083.htm
Did the ten lost tribes of Israel move to Europe? Are the white north-west Europeans Israelites, as some say? → rya092.htm
Is the line of David the king of Israel still ruling somewhere on Earth? → rya102.htm
The meaning of the words “branch” and “twig” in Ezekiel 17:22. Some notes on Anglo-Israelist dogmas regarding king Zedekiah’s daughters. → rya112.htm
The prophet Jeremiah – where did he die? Did he go to Ireland, as some have claimed? Also, what about the “stone of destiny” which some writers talk about? → rya122.htm
Did people of the ten lost tribes of Israel travel to Greece, Denmark and Ireland? Some notes on certain Anglo-Israelist dogmas. → rya132.htm
Regarding Anglo-Israelism: What if it is instead Russia with her Slavic sister nations that are the ten lost tribes of Israel? → rya142.htm
Ethnic groups which could eventually belong to the lost tribes of Israel. → rya152.htm
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