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Anglo-Israelist writers have claimed that the Anglo-Saxon people in Britain and USA are Israelites. Some of them have further claimed that Leviticus 26:19 which mentions the breaking of pride, refers to those people and their future. Really how is it with that matter?
This article belongs to a series on what biblical prophecy says about the fate of the ten lost tribes of Israel. This present part considers Leviticus 26:19 and its context and meaning – the question, how and when was the Israelites’ pride broken.
Verse 19 must not be taken out of its context. It belongs to a wider setting, verses 13–39 which record how the Lord through Moses warned the ancient Israelites of what would happen to them, if they were not faithful to him. Those warnings were given to them when they still were in the Arabian desert, before they had entered the Promised Land. Deuteronomy 4 and 28 record how Moses at a later time reminded the Israelites of those warnings, when they were about to enter the land of promise.
But, after the Israelites had entered the Promised Land and lived there for a time, they were unfaithful to the Lord, without caring about the warnings. Consequently, they were repeatedly punished, just as had been foretold.
They had been warned about five consecutive “rounds” of punishment. Here is the warning regarding the first “round”:
Leviticus 26:13 I am Jehovah your God, who brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that ye should not be their bondmen; and I have broken the bands of your yoke, and made you walk upright. 14 But if ye hearken not unto me, and do not all these commandments, 15 and if ye shall despise my statutes, and if your soul shall abhor mine ordinances, so that ye do not all my commandments, that ye break my covenant, 16 I also will do this unto you—I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and fever, which shall cause the eyes to fail, and the soul to waste away; and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it. 17 And I will set my face against you, that ye may be routed before your enemies; they that hate you shall have dominion over you; and ye shall flee when none pursueth you. (DBY)
If they did not repent after that initial punishment, it was to be followed by four more “rounds” of punishment, each of them sevenfold harder than the preceding one. Verses 18–20 describe the second round of punishment, 21–22 the third one, 23–26 the fourth, and then, verses 27–39 describe the fifth and final round. (They could have repented and turned back to the Lord at any time, if they wished.)
Please note that all those things did come upon the ancient Israelites, while they lived in the Promised Land. The fifth and last one of those rounds of punishment led to that they were driven out from that land, but the “breaking of their pride” came already during the second round.
Verses 18–20 contain a record of the warning concerning that second round of punishment.
Leviticus 26:18 And if for this ye hearken not unto me, I will punish you sevenfold more for your sins, 19 and I will break the arrogance of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as bronze, 20 and your strength shall be spent in vain, and your land shall not yield its produce; and the trees of the land shall not yield their fruit. (DBY, highlighting added)
Verse 19, “and I will break the arrogance of your power” – some translations have “and I will break the pride of your power”.
(Please note that in the above-quoted passage and in Leviticus 26:13–39 in general, the words “ye”, “you” and “your” refer to the ancient Israelites, people of Old Testament times, and that the word “land” in verses 20, 33, 33 and 34 refers to the one and only earthly Promised Land, the land of Canaan.)
Verse 18, “I will punish you sevenfold more for your sins” – some other translations have “I will punish you seven times more for your sins”. That is: In that series of five consecutive rounds of punishment, each of rounds two to five were seven times harder than the preceding one.
So, the Lord had warned the Israelites that if they were not faithful to him, he would punish them and break their pride or arrogance. And, as things went, they were not faithful, and so the Lord gave them the punishment which verses 18–20 refer to. This was while they still lived in the Promised Land. They were subjected to severe droughts and similar problems. Those things are recorded in the Old Testament. They happened more than 2700 years ago. They are fulfilled prophecy, a fact of history, a thing of the past.
Some Anglo-Israelist writers have taken verse 28 in Leviticus 26 out of its context, and said that it refers to a “punishment lasting for 2520 years”. They have claimed that the phrase “seven times” which some bible-versions have in that verse, refers to “seven years”, 7 × 360 = 2520 days, which they then have said to mean “2520 years”. Those writers have brushed aside the fact that the words “seven times (more)” or “sevenfold” in Leviticus 26:18, 21, 24 and 28 do not refer to the duration of the punishments in question but instead to their hardness: Each of punishment rounds two to five was to be seven times harder than the preceding one.
The article rya052.htm has more on the “2520 years” dogma which some have built around Leviticus 26, but here is a short summary of what Leviticus 26:13–39 is all about:
Verses 13–17 record the warning regarding the initial punishment. Those verses were quoted earlier in this article.
Verses 18–20 refer to the second round of punishment which was to be seven times harder than the first one. (Verse 18, “and if for this ye hearken not unto me, I will punish you sevenfold more for your sins”, DBY.) This round included the breaking the pride of the Israelites’ power.
Verses 21–22, the third round, seven times harder than the second one.
Verses 23–26, the fourth round of punishment, sevenfold harder than the third one. And,
Verses 27–39, the fifth round, seven times harder that the fourth one. This last round of punishment led to that the still surviving Israelites were driven out from the Promised Land, so that that land and its towns became “desolate” and “waste” – empty and without inhabitants. These things are recorded in the Old Testament.
Again, the article rya052.htm has more on Leviticus 26.
The in Leviticus 26:18–20 recorded warning regarding the breaking of the ancient Israelites’ pride or arrogance, was in the case of Israel’s ten lost tribes fulfilled more than 2700 years ago. The Bible does not mention any “second fulfilment” for that prophecy; no such thing is indicated in the Scriptures. All of Leviticus 26:14–39 is fulfilled prophecy.
Please note that the northern tribes of Israel (the ten lost tribes) still remain in the dispersion which resulted from the fifth and final round of punishment which came upon them. They still remain dispersed among (within) other nations, just as the Scriptures say they would. They do not have a land of their own. [a] They are not rich, nor are they powerful. They have not been restored yet but are still in state of being “Loammi” and “Loruhamah”, Hosea 1:1–9, meaning “Not my people” and “No mercy”. Their promised restoration and renewed blessing is still a matter of the future. In those coming days, the Israelites will be restored and will become “Ammi” and “Ruhamah”, “My people” and “Mercy”. It is only then they will be blessed again.
Please also note that there are not several “promised lands” here on Earth as Anglo-Israelist writers have caused people to believe, but only one, the one which even today is called Israel.
a The article rya012.htm has some notes on this. It considers even the origin of the people who since the 1800s have moved to the land of Israel and call themselves Jews.
Links to the other 14 parts in this series on the tribes of Israel are found in the “recommended reading” section, below.
Please send or mention the address to this site to others. Please also link to this site. The address to the table of contents page is biblepages.net/contents.htm
An explanation of the short names for the bible-translations that are quoted or mentioned at this site. → rsa092.htm
On the King James version. The story behind king James’ bible, including the men who were involved in producing it. → rsa032.htm
On the words “gentiles”, “pagans” and “heathen” and what they actually mean and refer to. → rga012.htm
On Matthew 24:21 and Revelation 7:14 and what the Scriptures say about the “great tribulation”. → rta042.htm
On pride and humility in connection with religion. → rga102.htm
The other parts in the ‘tribes’ series:
What biblical prophecy says about the fate of the ten lost tribes of Israel. → rya012.htm
On the meaning of Genesis 22:17, the words “and your seed shall possess the gate of his enemies”. → rya032.htm
On what the concept “birthright” meant and referred to, in regard to inheritance, in ancient times. Also, some notes on the patriarch Jacob’s birthright, and that of his son Joseph. → rya042.htm
On the meaning of the words “seven times” in Leviticus 26:18, 21, 24 and 28. Does the wording in the Hebrew text mean “seven times more” or “sevenfold” as many translations have it, or “2520 years” as some writers have claimed? → rya052.htm
Jeremiah 30:7, “the time of Jacob’s trouble”. On what chapter 30 in the book of Jeremiah means and refers to. → rya062.htm
On the prophet Ezekiel and his mission, and the “Ezekiel message” dogma. → rya072.htm
Matthew 10:5–6, “do not go into the way of the gentiles and do not enter a city of the Samaritans, but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel”. Who and where were those “sheep”? Where did the apostles go? → rya083.htm
Did the ten lost tribes of Israel move to Europe? Are the white north-west Europeans Israelites, as some say? → rya092.htm
Is the line of David the king of Israel still ruling somewhere on Earth? → rya102.htm
The meaning of the words “branch” and “twig” in Ezekiel 17:22. Some notes on Anglo-Israelist dogmas regarding king Zedekiah’s daughters. → rya112.htm
The prophet Jeremiah – where did he die? Did he go to Ireland, as some have claimed? Also, what about the “stone of destiny” which some writers talk about? → rya122.htm
Did people of the ten lost tribes of Israel travel to Greece, Denmark and Ireland? Some notes on certain Anglo-Israelist dogmas. → rya132.htm
Regarding Anglo-Israelism: What if it is instead Russia with her Slavic sister nations that are the ten lost tribes of Israel? → rya142.htm
Ethnic groups which could eventually belong to the lost tribes of Israel. → rya152.htm
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