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The Bible mentions a time-period when both the living and the dead will be judged. There are many names for that coming time – “the final judgment”, “the great white throne judgment”, and so on. This article takes a closer look at that matter, including such questions as, when will that judgment take place, and where, and who will to the judging? Also: It appears that the Scriptures talk about more than one time of judgment in the future. Even this will considered here.
The apostle John wrote about certain things he had seen in a vision.
Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and Him Who was sitting thereon, from Whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne; and books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged out of the things that were written in the books, according to their works. 13 And the sea gave up the dead that were in it, and Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them; and they were judged, every one, according to their works. (WORR)
It is from that passage, that the phrase and concept “the great white throne judgment” has been formed. However, judgments or judgment periods are mentioned in several bible-passages. Do they all refer to the same event? Certain scriptures indicate that when Jesus returns, there will be a judgment of those who at that time live on this planet, and that later, there will be a longer judgment period, for people who are resurrected from the dead. Later in this article, there is more on this.
In Matthew 13, verses 24–30 record how Jesus spoke a parable regarding “darnel”, a wicked seed which Satan had planted [here on Earth]. Verses 36–43 record how Jesus told his disciples what that parable meant. That is context in that chapter. Point: It may be that the particular time of judgment and the punishment in fire which the below-quoted verses refer to, is especially for the “darnel” (Satan’s wicked seed), and not for normal humans.
Matthew 13:49 So will it be at the end of the age. The angels will go forth, and will separate the wicked from the midst of the righteous, 50 and will cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be the weeping, and the gnashing of teeth. (WORR)
Some translations have in the first part of that verse such wordings as “the end of the world”, but several bible-passages show that the planet Earth will continue to exist, even after the judgment which that verse mentions. The wording in the Greek text is tê sunteleia tou aiônos, which the above-quoted Worrell version quite correctly translates as “the end of the age”. Several things indicate that Matthew 13:49–50 refers to an end for the age which we are in right now, an age when the Reign of God [a] has not yet come into effect here on Earth. The time when Jesus returns, will mark the end of this present, evil age. It appears that that particular separation of the wicked from the just, and the burning up of the former, will happen in the days when Jesus returns.
a The article roa012.htm has some notes on the Reign or Kingdom of God – what, where and when it actually is.
The parable which is recorded in Matthew 13, mentions even “good seed”, a group that is reckoned worthy to be “taken to the barn”, verse 30. Apparently, that wheat or good seed will be gathered by angels and taken up to God. Verse 39 says that “the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the angels”. (See also the above-quoted verse 49.)
Again: It appears that the burning which Matthew 13:49–50 mentions, is for the “darnel”, the wicked seed sown by Satan. But, some writers have claimed that there will be a burning even for normal humans, a burning where people are tortured “for ever and ever”, in a lake of burning sulphur or so. Is that correct? Does for instance Revelation 14:10 mean that? No. The article rta072.htm takes a closer look at that verse with its context.
Matthew 25 records how Jesus spoke another parable regarding a judgment. It may be that even that parable was directed to a certain special group, as a warning. In other words: It could be that the “goats” which that parable mentions, are the same as the “darnel” or wicked seed of Matthew 13. Please read all of this passage:
Matthew 25:31 “And, when the Son of man cometh in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then will He sit on the throne of His glory; 32 and there will be gathered before Him all the nations; and He will separate them one from another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats; 33 and He will set the sheep, indeed, on His right hand, but the goats on the left. 34 “Then will the King say to those on His right hand, ‘Come, ye blessed of My Father! inherit the Kingdom prepared for you from the founding of the world: 35 for I hungered, and ye gave Me to eat; I thirsted, and ye gave Me drink; I was a stranger, and ye took Me in; 36 naked, and ye clothed Me; I was sick, and ye looked after Me; I was in prison, and ye came to Me.’ 37 “Then will the righteous answer Him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see Thee hungering, and fed Thee? or thirsting, and gave Thee drink? 38 And when did we see Thee a stranger, and took Thee in; or naked, and clothed Thee? 39 And, when did we see Thee sick, or in prison, and came to Thee?’ 40 “And, answering, the King will say to them, ‘Verily I say to you, inasmuch as ye did it to one of My brethren, even the least, ye did it to Me.’ 41 Then will He say also to those on the left hand, ‘Depart from Me, ye accursed! into the eternal fire which was prepared for the Devil and his angels; 42 for I hungered, and ye did not give Me to eat; I thirsted, and ye gave Me no drink; 43 I was a stranger, and ye took Me not in; naked, and ye did not clothe Me; sick, and in prison, and ye did not look after Me.’ 44 “Then will they also answer, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see Thee hungering, or thirsting, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister to Thee?’ 45 “Then will He answer them, saying, ‘Verily I say to you, inasmuch as ye did it not to one of these least, ye did it not to Me!’ (WORR)
As you can see, even the above-quoted Matthew 25 shows that when Jesus returns, there will be a judgment. Verse 31, “then shall he sit on the throne of his glory”; see also verses 33–33. And again, it may be that the “goats” of that parable are the same as the “darnel” or wicked seed of Matthew 13.
There are also other times of judgment; read on, for more on this.
Among others, this passage shows that God the Father has delegated the matter of judging to his son Jesus.
John 5:22 for neither doth the Father judge any one, but all the judgment He hath given to the Son, 23 that all may honour the Son according as they honour the Father; he who is not honouring the Son, doth not honour the Father who sent him. 24 ‘Verily, verily, I say to you—He who is hearing my word, and is believing Him who sent me, hath life age-during, and to judgment he doth not come, but hath passed out of the death to the life. 25 ‘Verily, verily, I say to you—There cometh an hour, and it now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and those having heard shall live; 26 for, as the Father hath life in himself, so He gave also to the Son to have life in himself, 27 and authority He gave him also to do judgment, because he is Son of Man. 28 ‘Wonder not at this, because there doth come an hour in which all those in the tombs shall hear his voice, 29 and they shall come forth; those who did [b] the good things to a rising again of life, and those who practised [b] the evil things to a rising again of judgment. (YLT, highlighting and note sign added)
b Verse 29, “did” and “practised” – in the Greek text, the corresponding verbs are in the aorist tense which does not give the time-frame. Later in this article, there are some notes on verses 28–29.
Please note even verse 24 which talks about persons who were not to come under judgment but had “passed from death into life” as for instance the ACV has it.
So, it will be Jesus who judges. (In all likelihood, assisted by others.) But, he will do that judging by his Father’s authority. This passage says the same:
Acts 17:31 “because He has appointed a day on which He will judge the world in righteousness by the Man whom He has ordained. He has given assurance of this to all by raising Him from the dead.” (NKJV)
“He has appointed” and “he will judge” – yes, those words refer to God the Father. But, he will let that judging be done “by the man whom he has ordained”, that is, Jesus.
The apostle Paul wrote to Timothy:
2 Timothy 4:1 I do fully testify, then, before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who is about to judge living and dead at his manifestation and his reign […] (YLT)
In that verse, where the above-quoted YLT has “manifestation”, some translations have “coming” or “appearing”. The Greek text has epiphaneia. Among other things, that word was used of the accession of rulers. (Accession is the time when a ruler begins to reign.) It appears that the above-quoted verse talks about the time when Jesus will have his epiphaneia as a ruler here on Earth. At that time, this planet will become a part of God’s Reign. (Today, it is still in rebel hands. The article roa012.htm has some notes on the Reign or Kingdom of God and what and where it actually is.)
A note: A number of translators have added words to the above-quoted 2 Timothy 4:1, and changed things in it, and caused the whole passage to be understood in a different way. But, the meaning of the Greek text appears to be that there will be a judgment, in the days when Jesus returns.
Again, the words “at his manifestation” in 2 Timothy 4:1 give an indication in regard to the timing of that particular judgment. But, the phrase in that verse is actually “at his manifestation and his reign”. That might eventually mean that there will be a judgment “at his manifestation”, that is, in the days when Jesus returns, and then another judgment at some later time, during “his reign”. If that is what 2 Timothy 4:1 refers to, then we perhaps should expect that the particular judgment which is to take place “at his manifestation” (at his coming) will not be on normal humans but rather upon the enemies of God – the spirit rebels who today are still in control here on Earth. That may be the same judgment as that of Matthew 13:50. That is, the judgment which will be upon the “darnel”, Satan’s wicked seed.
Again, it appears that the judgment which is mentioned in Matthew 13 and which eventually even certain other passages refer to, will take place in the days when Jesus returns. What about the judgment which is mentioned in Revelation 20? Some writers have produced dogmas which claim that it will take place 1000 years after Jesus’ return. Is that correct?
Here are the first three verses in that chapter:
Revelation 20:1 I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding the key to the bottomless pit and a large chain in his hand. 2 He overpowered the serpent, that ancient snake, named Devil and Satan. The angel chained up the serpent for 1000 years. 3 He threw it into the bottomless pit. The angel shut and sealed the pit over the serpent to keep it from deceiving the nations anymore until the 1000 years were over. After that it must be set free for a little while. (GWV)
Consider this: When is it that Satan was captured and imprisoned? And, when is it that he will be released? Please note that the above-quoted passage does not state that. It could be that he was captured, say, 1000 years ago. Please also note that that passage talks about Satan being imprisoned; that does not mean that all wicked spirits or their fleshly cronies are imprisoned at the same time.
A note: In connection with this matter, some writers have suggested that there could be a “1000-year time-gap” within verse 10 in Revelation 20. But, that verse does not mention any such “gap”.
Again, Revelation 20:1–3 does not state when Satan’s 1000-year imprisonment began, or when it will come to its end. Some people might have problems with this matter, because they have been caused to think that after Jesus’ return, Satan will be “stored up” for 1000 years, and that after that he will be allowed to deceive and destroy this world one more time. But, does it sound logical that he would be allowed to destroy everything that has after Jesus’ return been made fine and beautiful? No, of course not. Nor is that what the Bible says. The Scriptures make it clear that after Jesus has returned and brought the Reign of God into effect here on Earth, there will not be any wars or destruction. Consider this passage:
Isaiah 9:7 His government shall be great, and of his peace there is no end: it shall be upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to establish it, and to support it with judgement and with righteousness, from henceforth and forever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts shall perform this. (LXXE, highlighting added)
The strange concept that Satan would after Jesus’ return be “stored up” and then after 1000 years allowed to again deceive and destroy this world, is indeed strange. The Scriptures do not say anything of that kind. It appears that that concept is based on a misunderstanding concerning a verse in Revelation 20. The details of this matter cannot be included here, but in short: When Jesus comes as the Lord or lords, Satan will be captured for the final time, and will then receive his final punishment. In other words: When Satan’s (ongoing) 1000-year imprisonment comes to its end, he will be released for a short time, just before Jesus comes. It appears that it is at that time, that Satan will gather his armies, “Gog of the land of Magog” and so on, to fight against the returning Jesus.
And again, the fact that Satan is imprisoned right now, does not mean that all wicked spirits would be imprisoned. Many of them are active here on Earth right now.
There are many kinds of dogmas regarding a “millennium”. Consider this: The word “millennium” is not found in the Bible. The above-quoted Isaiah 9:7 shows that after Jesus has come and made the planet Earth a part of the Reign of God, there will be no end or interruption to peace here. So, that peace will not last for merely a thousand years. It will be an endless time of peace. Revelation 20:4 mentions a 1000-year period when a certain special group was or is to reign with Jesus, but there is no reason to think that that would be connected to the time of Satan’s imprisonment.
Revelation 20:4 And I saw high seats, and they were seated on them, and the right of judging was given to them: and I saw the souls of those who were put to death for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and those who did not give worship to the beast, or to his image, and had not his mark on their brows or on their hands; and they were living and ruling with Christ a thousand years. (BBE)
That might refer to what Jesus spoke about here:
Matthew 19:28 And Jesus said to them, Truly I say to you that in the time when all things are made new, and the Son of man is seated in his glory, you who have come after me will be seated on twelve seats, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. (BBE)
Why a limited time, only a thousand years (Revelation 20:4)? Well, it could be that Matthew 19:28 and Revelation 20:4 refer to the particular period of judgment which is mentioned for instance in John 5:28–29. See the next point.
This passage talks about a time of judgment which is to come, in connection with a resurrection.
John 5:28 […] there is an hour coming, in which all who are in their tombs shall hear His voice, 29 and come forth; those who did good, to the resurrection of life; but those who practiced evil, to the resurrection of judgment. (WORR)
A casual reader might come to think that when that judgment comes, people have had their chance – that they will be judged only on the basis of what they did when they lived in a world that was controlled by Satan. But is that what Jesus was saying? Are all those people lost, just because they happened to be born into a world and age where most people were not able to live a righteous life and did not even know what the right ways are? Will God not give those people a chance? Will he raise them up to a new life, only for the purpose of sending them to death again? That does not sound likely. So, the question is, how should John 5:28–29 be interpreted?
A side-note, but an important one: We humans do not have any “immortal soul”. We are mortal. That is why we need resurrection. Another note: A resurrection does not have to lead to a permanent life. Several things in the Bible indicate that everlasting life is conditional.
Perhaps we ought to consider John 5:28–29 in the light of the passage in the book of Isaiah which says that in coming times, even a sinner will live a hundred years (and, that if he at that time still insists on sinning, then he will be “accursed”, which appears to mean that that will be the end of him) – “for the child shall die a hundred years old, and the sinner being a hundred years old shall be accursed”, Isaiah 65:20, ACV. Putting that in other words: The resurrected humans will indeed be judged, but it may be that in many cases, perhaps most, they will be judged to something similar to what we today call “probation”, and that the final decision regarding their fate will depend on what they do during that new life of theirs.
One thing is certain: Jesus will judge people in a just manner. This world has been – and still is today – under the deception, sway and control of wicked spirit powers. Jesus knows that under such circumstances, humans do not have a chance or the means to live in the right way, and that in most cases, they do not even know what the right way is.
And yes, it appears that the judgment period which John 5:28–29 refers to, will take place later than the judgment which is connected to Matthew 13:50.
Revelation 20:11–13 talks about a period of judgment which will take place after Satan has been destroyed. At that time, both the living and the dead will be judged. The dead will be resurrected for that judgment period. It appears that it is the same one as that which is mentioned in John 5:28–29 which was discussed above.
Many bible-versions have in Revelation 20:11 such wordings as “from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away and no place was found for them”. That might cause a casual reader to think that this planet will altogether cease to exist. But, consider this: If this planet would not exist any longer, where would that time-demanding period of judgment (of thousands of millions of resurrected humans) take place in such a case? It is quite clear that that particular judgment period will take place here on the Earth, and that it will take hundreds of years of time. So, perhaps we should look for a different explanation for the expression “the earth and the heaven fled away” in that verse. One way to interpret those words is that when the time for the judgment of Revelation 20:11 comes, there will be some individuals of both heavenly and earthly origin who would want to flee from that judgment and that Judge, but will not find any place to flee to. In the Greek text of that verse the verb in question is pheugô, “to run away”, “to seek safety by flight”.
The way many bible-versions render 2 Peter 3:7 and 10–12, might easily cause a casual reader to think that the planet Earth, or perhaps even the whole universe, will “burn up” and cease to exist, in connection with a judgment. But, several scriptures make it clear that the universe and the planet Earth will continue to exist a long, long time into the future. There are other ways to interpret the wordings in the Greek text of 2 Peter 3:7 and 10–12. Below, there are some notes on that passage and matter. It will also be considered what the apostle Peter might have meant when he in that letter to certain saints [c] wrote about “new heavens and new earth” or “new skies and new land”, verse 13.
c Saints: In this article, that word refers to the people who received the Holy Spirit in the first century.
Now, there will be a time of judgment, and there will also be fire, so much is clear. But, does that mean that this planet will be destroyed so that it ceases to exist? Obviously not, because several still unfulfilled prophecies in the Bible make it quite clear that at some unspecified time after that fire, humans will be living on this planet. The following has some notes on 2 Peter 3:7–12 and its translation.
2 Peter 3:7 But the heavens and the earth, [d] which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved to fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. […] 10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, [e] and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. [f] 11 Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought you to be in all holy conversation and godliness, 12 Looking for and hastening to the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens [g] being on fire shall be dissolved, [g] and the elements [h] shall melt with fervent heat? (AKJV, note signs added)
d Verse 7, “the heavens and the earth” – the Greek text can also translated as “the skies and the ground”.
e Verse 10, “the heavens shall pass away with a great noise” – the wording in the Greek text can also interpreted as “the skies are rolled up [set loose] with a rushing noise”.
f Verse 10, “the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up” – the wording in the Greek text can also interpreted as “and the ground and what is built on it shall be burned up”. (A note: In a number of Greek manuscripts, the last word in this verse is eurethêsetai, instead of katakaesetai, making the meaning to “shall be found”, and there are even other readings. It may be that some earlier manuscript was damaged, so that those who produced copies of it, had to guess what the word might be.)
g Verse 12, “the heavens” – that is, the skies, the atmosphere. “Dissolved”, same verse – the Greek text has the verb luô which has numerous uses and meanings, among them “setting loose”. Perhaps the apostle Peter was describing an event where the atmosphere will be, not only stormy but raging. Consider the highlighted part in this passage:
Revelation 6:12 I looked when He broke the sixth seal, and there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth made of hair, and the whole moon became like blood; 13 and the stars of the sky fell to the earth, as a fig tree casts its unripe figs when shaken by a great wind. 14 The sky was split apart like a scroll when it is rolled up, and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. (NASB95, highlighting added)
That passage talks about “stars” falling down to the ground. That probably refers to large meteors. The strikes of such result in that the skies are ablaze and are seemingly rolled up like a book scroll when it is opened. 2 Peter 3 talks about the Day of the Lord, and that appears to be the case also in Revelation 6 where verse 17 says, “for the great day of his wrath is come”.
h Verse 12, “elements” – just as in verse 10, even here the Greek text has stoicheia, “elements”. Some translators have made that to “heavenly bodies”, “universe” or similar, so that the reader may come to think that the universe is coming to an end. But, that is not what that verse means. See the notes above, and the translation below.
Here is a slightly different interpretation of the Greek text of the relevant parts of 2 Peter 3.
2 Peter 3: […] 7 But the present skies and the ground, preserved through his word, are reserved for fire, to a day of judgment and destruction of wicked men. […] 10 The Day of the Lord will come like a thief at night. It shall be a time when the skies are rolled up [set loose] with a rushing noise and elements shall melt because of intense heat, and the ground and what is built on it shall be burned up. […] 12 […] the coming of the Day of God, when the skies, all ablaze, shall be rolled up and elements shall melt because of intense heat. (BPT)
Again, several bible-passages make it clear that the planet Earth will continue to exist a long, long time into the future. So, it will not be “burned up” or “dissolved”. There will be fire, and there will be great destruction, either locally or world-wide, but the Scriptures show that some time after those events, there will be humans living on this planet.
A note: The judgment of 2 Peter 3:7 is not the same as the resurrection-related judgment period which certain other scriptures refer to.
A few notes regarding the in verse 13 mentioned new skies and new land which the saints were looking forward to.
2 Peter 3:13 Nevertheless, we look forward to new skies and land, according to his promise, where righteousness dwells. (BPT)
Keep in mind that the apostle Peter wrote those words to certain saints, people who received the Holy Spirit in the first century. They were not to be touched by the fire and destruction which is mentioned in verses 7 to 12. For, the Lord Jesus was about to take those saints to “an inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and will not fade away, reserved in heaven”, 1 Peter 1:4, NASB95.
As you can see, the new land and new skies which those saints were looking forward to, were not earthly ones. And yes, Heaven is a place with ground (land), skies, water, trees, buildings, and so on. The articles rba043.htm and rxa103.htm have a bit more on this.
In order to fully understand these judgment-related matters, it is good to sort out a number of other things. For instance, there is the matter of the 144000 and the great, innumerable multitude. The article rta032.htm has some notes on that subject, but in short:
The first-fruits group of 144000 of Revelation 14 obviously consists of those who were first – those who received the Holy Spirit in biblical times, first century CE or earlier.
The great multitude is a later group which has not been formed yet, but the Scriptures indicate that by the time when the seven angels are given their trumpets and the Day of the Lord begins, that multitude has already been taken to Heaven. (The articles rba043.htm and rxa103.htm consider the matter of Heaven.)
The article rta052.htm considers the matter of the “end time trumpets”, as well as the (much earlier) “last” trump or blast which the apostle Paul wrote about in a letter to the saints in Corinth.
The article rta042.htm takes a closer look at the matter of “great tribulation”, and shows that the New Testament mentions several tribulation periods.
There is also the matter of the different resurrections and their timings; the article rba082.htm has some notes on that subject.
In the future when Jesus returns as the Lord of lords, there will be a (fiery) judgment. At that time, the wicked – Satan and the “darnel”, and perhaps also some others who have sided with those wicked ones – will be judged and destroyed in a fire. Before that fiery judgment, God will give the world a warning. (It might be that the two witnesses will have a part in that.) That will result in the formation of a great, innumerable multitude of people who turn to God.
Revelation 7 shows that the great multitude will be by God’s throne, in Heaven. This is before the opening of the seventh “scroll seal”, Revelation 8. When that seal is opened, the seven angels will be given their trumpets. But, the great multitude will not be touched by the destruction which is connected to those trumpets, because by that time, they are no longer here on Earth.
Some time later, after this planet has been made habitable again, there will be a long judgment-period which is connected to a resurrection. It appears that during that period, all normal humans who have ever lived but still remain dead at that time, will be resurrected to a new earthly life, to be judged “according to their works”. And again: All those resurrected humans will indeed be judged, but it may be that in many cases, perhaps most, they will be judged to something similar to what we today call “probation”, and that their final fate will depend on how they live and act during that time.
We do not know how long that judgment period will be, but it is clear that those things cannot be done in a day or two. Raising up thousands of millions of individuals and teaching them the right ways and observing how they then live, will take much time, probably many centuries or even more. And, there is no hurry. After all, when Jesus has come and destroyed the wicked, and put the Reign of God into effect here on Earth, there will be no end or interruptions to that Reign of peace.
Isaiah 9:7 His government shall be great, and of his peace there is no end […] (LXXE)
A note: In this context, some might wonder about the “gathering of Israel” which is prophesied to take place. They might ask, how can the tribes of Israel be “gathered”, if the Earth will be uninhabitable for a time? But, a closer study of that matter indicates that the prophesied gathering will be of the kind that is mentioned in Ezekiel 37. See that chapter; it talks about resurrection. Also: There is no clear mention in regard to exactly when that gathering will be done. As for those Israelites who live here on Earth in the days when Jesus comes – well, they will be given an opportunity to be joined to the great multitude which will consist of people of all nations. Shortly before Jesus destroys the wicked, that multitude will be taken to Heaven and will thus not need any living place here on Earth.
See also the “recommended reading” section, below.
Please tell others about this site. Please also link to it. The address to the table of contents page is biblepages.net/contents.htm
An explanation of the short names for the bible-translations that are quoted or mentioned at this site. → rsa092.htm
On the King James version. The story behind king James’ bible, including the men who were involved in producing it. → rsa032.htm
Easy keys to deeper understanding of the Scriptures. → rga022.htm
What does Revelation 14:10 mean? Will some humans be tormented with “fire and brimstone”, for “ages and ages”? → rta072.htm
The Babylon of the book of Revelation, what or where is it? → rwa032.htm
What is the Kingdom of God? Where is it located? Does it exist already, or is it only going to be established in the future? Or, is it merely something “in the hearts of men”? → roa012.htm
What does the Bible say about Heaven? Were the saints to go there? What about others? What does it look like, in Heaven? → rba043.htm
Hebrews 4:9, the sabbatismos or rest which the saints were to enter – a clarification of its actual nature. → rxa103.htm
Who are the 144000 and the great multitude of Revelation 7? Also, who are the first-fruits or virgins of Revelation 14:1–4? → rta032.htm
On the different kinds of prophetic trumpets that are mentioned in the Bible – trumps of God, and those of the seven angels. Also: What did the apostle Paul mean and refer to when he wrote about a “last” trump or blast? → rta052.htm
On Matthew 24:21 and Revelation 7:14 and what the Scriptures say about the “great tribulation”. → rta042.htm
On what the Bible says about the matter of resurrection. → rba082.htm
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