The Bible Pages, key-word index, section Esther to Excommunication
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Section Esther to Excommunication (the other sections → rkw011.htm)
- Queen Esther’s Jewish name was Hadassah; see Esther 2:7 (and 17).
- The Jews sort the book of Esther in the Old Testament under the section Kethuvim, “the Writings”. → (rca011.htm, appendix)
- The books of Esther, Daniel, Ezra and Nehemiah tell about things that occurred when the Persian empire was in power. Many of the Persian kings resided in Shushan (Susa); that is also where many of the events that are recorded in the book of Esther, took place. It was in Shushan that king Ahasuerus took Hadassah (Esther) as his wife and made her queen.
- No passages in the book of Esther are quoted or mentioned at this site, except in passing.
- Look also under the headings “Ahasuerus” and “Purim”.
ESV, ESV01, ESV07, ESV11 (bible-translations) → rsa091.htm
Eternal – Look below, under the heading “Everlasting”.
- The Eucharist is one of the seven Catholic “sacraments”, a sacrificial ritual which is practised on Sunday, the day which the emperor Constantine forced people to observe in honour of the sun-god Mithras, Sol Mithras Deus Invictus. (Many Protestant and other churches have copied that ritual, in one form or another.)
- In that ritual, a round “bread” – a thin wafer with idol-symbols – is eaten, together with wine. That ritual is called “oblation”, and the bread in it is sometimes called “host”. The full Latin phrase is oblatus hostia which means “sacrifice which has been carried forth”.
- (“Oblation” comes from the Latin oblatus which is the past perfect form of the verb offero (ob-fero) which means “to bear forth”. In this case, the meaning is “to bear forth as a sacrifice”.)
- Here, it is good to keep in mind that the New Covenant does not have any sacrifices, except for the Sacrifice which Jesus made when he gave his life in place of others. It was a sacrifice once and for all, with no later repetition.
- The Catholics hold the Eucharist to be “a sublime and incomprehensibility mystery”, and that may be so, but at least one thing is clear: It is tightly connected with the “sun-god” (Sol Mithras Deus Invictus) and the Queen of heaven (whom the Catholics call “Maria”), and also with the Catholic trinity dogma.
- Regarding the bread and wine ceremony which the saints had (and which had nothing to do with the Eucharist), see the article rca041.htm.
- A note: The word and concept “Europe” is not mentioned in the Bible. Such countries as Greece and Italy are mentioned, but the word and concept Europe is not.
- Some have claimed that the “Babylon” of the Book of Revelation is connected with Europe. Does the Bible say that? → rwa031.htm
- Will or does “the Beast” consist of ten European nations, as some claim? → (rwa031.htm)
- Regarding certain Anglo-Israelist dogmas:
- Did the ten lost tribes of Israel move to Europe? Are the white north-west Europeans Israelites, as some say? → rya091.htm
- The English word “evangelist” comes from the old Greek noun euangelistês which means “bringer of good tidings”. That word occurs only in three New Testament passages, Acts 21:8, Ephesians 4:11 and 2 Timothy 4:5.
- Please note that in the Greek NT text, other words and expressions are often used, instead of euangelistês. The first example of this is found in Matthew 4:23 which states that Jesus went about kêrussôn to euangelion, “proclaiming the Good Tidings”. Indeed, Jesus was an euangelistês, and so were his apostles, and many others with them.
- What does the Bible say about religious titles, such as “apostle”, “bishop”, “evangelist”, “father”, “pastor” and so on? → raa080.htm
Evangelium – Look under the headings “Gospel” and “Evangelist” (above).
Eve (Adam’s wife)
- In the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, it is recorded that Adam called his wife Chavvah. Some have thought that that word might have meant “life” (see Genesis 3:20).
- In the OT, Eve is mentioned by name only in Genesis 3:20 and 4:1. Genesis 2:22–23 records that she was created of Adam’s rib; in the Hebrew text of verse 23 she is called Ishshah, “because she was taken out of man [iysh]”. (In the rest of the OT, the word ishshah is then used in the meanings “woman” and “wife”.)
- In Genesis 3:20, the Septuagint version (LXX) translates Chavvah into Greek as Zoê (“life”), but in Genesis 4:1 it has Euan, accusative form of Eua. (In the Septuagint, the name Eua appears also in Genesis 4:25.)
- In the Latin Vulgate OT, the spelling is Hava (Genesis 3:20) and Havam (Genesis 4:1).
- In the NT, Eve is mentioned by name only in 2 Corinthians 11:3 and 1 Timothy 2:13.
- In 1 Timothy 2:13, the Greek text has Eua, in 2 Corinthians 11:3 it has the accusative form Euan.
- In the Latin Vulgate NT, that became Eva, 1 Timothy 2:13, and Evan, 2 Corinthians 11:3. (In old Latin, the letter “v” was used as a “u”.)
- Thus: Hebrew Chavvah (Hawwah) → Greek Eua → Latin Eva → Eve in English bibles.
- Look also under the heading “Adam”.
- The ancient Israelites had two “evenings” (even-ings), one at noon when the sun started to descend and the day began to go towards the even, and the other at sunset when the actual even began. → rxa081.htm
- Did the Hebrew phrase ben ha arbayim, “between the evenings”, refer to “twilight” or “dusk” as some have claimed, or to the middle of the afternoon which is when the Jews killed their Passover lambs while Jesus at the same time gave his life as the Lamb of God? → rxa081.htm
- John 3:16, “For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, that whoever puts his trust in him should not perish but have everlasting life”. → rca041.htm
- Jesus told his disciples to look for everlasting lodgings. Earthly things are not everlasting. The habitations which Jesus told his disciples to look for, are not here on Earth. → rba041.htm
- Do angels possess everlasting life, in the meaning that they cannot die? → rda021.htm
- The Old Covenant did not provide a way for the Israelites to receive everlasting life. → rca011.htm – rca111.htm
- Does Revelation 14:10–11 refer to an everlasting, never ending punishment? → rta071.htm
- Some have claimed that the Old Covenant is “everlasting”. Is that correct? → rca091.htm
- Many bible-versions translate the old Hebrew word olam as “for ever”, “everlasting” or “eternal”. That is misleading, and has led to many misunderstandings. → rca131.htm
Evil, evil one
- Why does God allow evil, sickness, pain, wars and suffering? → rwa010.htm
- Who really is behind this world’s evil rulers and governments. → rwa021.htm
- Jesus conquered evil “powers and principalities” (Colossians 2:15). → rda060.htm
- Root of evil – the literal meaning of the Greek text in the first part of 1 Timothy 6:10 appears to be “for the love of money is the root of all these evils”. The context shows which particular evils the apostle Paul referred to. → rma081.htm
- Look also under the headings “Devil” and “Sin”.
- On the example the apostle Paul set, for others to imitate. → rma032.htm
- Paul told the elders in Ephesus to copy his example, in regard to certain things. → rma022.htm
- The ensamples, examples or types of 1 Corinthians 10:11. → (rca021.htm)
- Look also under the heading “Antitypes and types”.
Excision (some bible-translations have that word in Philippians 3:2) – Look under the heading “Concision”.
- Regarding the root (etymology) and original meaning of the word “excommunicate”: It is of course “church Latin”, that is, a Catholic concept. Literally, the Latin verb excommunico would have referred to “putting out of the community”, but the practical meaning was “to lay under a ban” (by the Catholic Church), and through that “expel from communion” (denying people access to the Catholic “Eucharist”).
- Excommunication – what kind of people were the saints told to mark and avoid and cast out and deny fellowship to? → raa102.htm
- Did the saints excommunicate people on “doctrinal grounds”? → raa102.htm
Next section: Exodus to Ezra (the other sections → rkw011.htm)
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