On the prophet Ezekiel and his mission, and the ‘Ezekiel message’ dogma.

For the latest version of this document, click here: www.biblepages.net/nya070.htm


There are those who say that they are acting as an “Ezekiel watchman”, doing an “Ezekiel work” and sending out an “Ezekiel warning”. Some might wonder, was the prophet Ezekiel a failure, so that others must do his job, more than 2500 years later? – This study considers the prophet Ezekiel and his mission, and compares the “Ezekiel message” dogma with what the Bible says. It will also be explained how that dogma came to be formed, what its origin is.

(This article belongs to a series on what biblical prophecy says about the fate of the ten “lost” tribes of Israel.)

Different parts of the book of Ezekiel refer to different times and events.

Before taking a closer look at the “Ezekiel message” dogma which was created around 1930, let us first consider certain things regarding the book of Ezekiel.

A number of the prophecies which are recorded in that book, were fulfilled a long time ago, in Old Testament times. Some of those things will be discussed here. But, that book contains even still unfulfilled prophecies. Many of them refer to good things that are in store for the tribes of Israel. Indeed, a large part of the book of Ezekiel contains a message of hope, good tidings for the ten “lost” tribes and the whole house of Israel.

This article proceeds to show from the Scriptures, that the warnings (regarding a captivity, and more) which the prophet Ezekiel was given to deliver, were directed to Israelites of his own day. It will also be shown that the things which those Israelites were warned about, then also happened, back in those days. And also, that many of the prophecies that have not yet been fulfilled, talk about good things that are in store, for the tribes of Israel.

A note: The article noa170.htm considers the final, “mysterious” chapters 40–48 in the book of Ezekiel.

The origin and background of the ‘Ezekiel message’ dogma.

Apparently, it was created by the American preacher Herbert Armstrong (1892–1986). In the late 1920s, he wrote a paper titled “What Is the Third Angel’s Message?” where he combined Anglo-Israelism with the originally Adventist “third angel’s message” dogma. Over time, that combination evolved into the “Ezekiel message” dogma.

Background:

The dogma regarding “the third angel’s message” came into existence in the aftermath of the Millerite “great disappointment” which took place in 1843/1844 when people realised that the “prophecies” of the Baptist preacher William Miller were nonsense.

(Miller had caused people to believe that Jesus was to return in 1843. That was then changed to 1844. When this did not happen, some came with explanations as to what supposedly had happened, “invisibly” or in other ways. A part of this was that some adventist Millerites claimed that the third angel of Revelation 14:9 “had proclaimed his message”, prior to 1843/1844. Some others claimed that such a message was still to be proclaimed – not by an angel, but by some church or preacher.)

Post-1844 Millerism split into numerous different fractions. One of them was seventh day adventism, including some groupings which around 1860 split further and began to use of themselves the name “Church of God”.

Apparently, some seventh day adventists had interpreted Revelation 14:9 (which mentions the third angel) in a special way, and combined that verse with the words “come out of her” in Revelation 18:4, and created out of this a dogma which later came to be popularly called “the third angel’s message”. That dogma was retained even by some groups which arose from splits of “main-stream” adventism, including a certain “Church of God” with a base in Stanberry, Missouri. In 1925, that church published its own version of the “third angel’s message”, as a part of a series of papers on “doctrinal matters”. In the years that followed, that tract came to be widely spread. Also the earlier mentioned preacher Herbert Armstrong who in those days was affiliated with that church, wrote that he felt that “the third angel’s message” was to go forth “with a loud shout”. This was not his idea; he was merely echoing what that Stanberry church was saying and doing. It is said that at least in 1929, that church even broadcast its “third angel’s message” on radio, with the preacher A. N. Dugger as the speaker.

Already in 1928, Armstrong produced his own, modified version of that dogma, and wrote it down as an article, under the title “What is the Third Angel’s Message?” He tried to make that Stanberry-based church accept that article (apparently, for publication), but they never published it. However, in their paper “Bible Advocate”, they published some other articles by Armstrong. One of them (in 1928) bore the title “Have We Tarried for the Power to Carry the Third Angel’s Message?”

In the early 1930s, that Stanberry-based church was split in two, and Armstrong went over to the new split (which came to be based in Salem, Oregon). He became one of its “seventy elders”. In 1939, that church fired Armstrong and revoked his “credentials”, because he taught things which were not accepted by that church. This led to that Armstrong started a church of his own.

Over time, he modified his own variant of the “third angel’s message” dogma. It came to include such concepts as “being an Ezekiel watchman”, “doing an Ezekiel work” and “proclaiming an Ezekiel warning” (“a final warning”).

That is the process through which the originally Seventh Day Adventist “third angel’s message” dogma evolved into the “Ezekiel message” doctrine, which then came to form a part of Armstrong’s variant of Anglo-Israelism.

Putting that in another way: Armstrong combined his never published article ‘What is the Third Angel’s Message?’, with things from other sources such as a book titled ‘Judah’s Sceptre and Joseph’s Birthright’ by the “holiness” preacher J. H. Allen. In that way, Armstrong produced a booklet with the title ‘United States and Britain in Prophecy’. As years went by, that booklet and its later editions were spread it great numbers. That was then combined with booklets regarding the “Ezekiel message” dogma.

The prophet Ezekiel and his mission.

A part of the mission of the prophet Ezekiel (who lived and prophesied more than 2500 years ago) was that he was told to warn “the house of Israel”, regarding certain things. Ezekiel 33:7, “So you, O son of man, I have set you a watchman to the house of Israel; therefore you shall hear the word at my mouth, and warn them from me” (AKJV). The preceding verse mentions the sounding of an alarm trumpet. – In short: The Lord sent Ezekiel to warn those few Israelites (mostly Jews, people of the southern tribes) who in those days still lived in the Promised Land. They were told that if they did not repent and turn to the Lord, even they would be taken into captivity, just as most Israelites already had been.

Some writers and preachers have copied the earlier mentioned dogma by Herbert Armstrong. They have caused people to believe that the warning which the prophet Ezekiel was told to give to certain ancient Israelites, applies instead to our day and age, and that God has sent them (those preachers) to proclaim such a warning. They have called themselves “Ezekiel watchmen”, and said that they are doing an “Ezekiel work” by publishing an “Ezekiel message” and proclaiming an “Ezekiel warning to the house of Israel”.

In that way, they have caused people to believe that the warning prophecies which Ezekiel was told to proclaim, have not been fulfilled yet, even though both the Bible and the records of history make it clear that they were fulfilled. (Those who study the Scriptures with care, will find that the various warnings which Ezekiel was given to deliver, applied to people and events of his own day and age. The book of Ezekiel in the Old Testament contains even some prophecies which have not been fulfilled yet, but they are mostly regarding good and positive things. This matter is discussed later in this article.)

There is more to the matter regarding “Ezekiel warning”. Certain writers and churches have caused people to believe that the Anglo-Saxons in Britain and the USA belong to the ten “lost” tribes of Israel, and that the warnings which in the Scriptures refer to people and events of Ezekiel’s own day and age, refer instead to the Anglo-Saxons.

(Later in this article, it is in a detailed manner shown what and whom the word “Israel” actually refers to, in the book of Ezekiel.)

Some preachers have, in connection with their “Ezekiel warning”, threatened their followers that if they do not support the preacher, there will be “blood on their heads”, for their failure to help the preacher to do his “Ezekiel work” and “watchman duty”. They have produced that dogma by claiming that Ezekiel 33:1–7 refers to those preachers, and not to the prophet Ezekiel as the Bible says. See the next point, below.

The watchman of Ezekiel 33.

Let us take a closer look at the verses which some have connected to their “watchman” dogma. That passage records how the prophet Ezekiel was told to warn certain people, just as a watchman on a town-wall would sound an alarm with a trumpet if he saw some danger or an enemy approaching.

Ezekiel 33:1 Again the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 2 Son of man, speak to the children of your people, and say to them, When I bring the sword on a land, if the people of the land take a man of their coasts, and set him for their watchman: 3 If when he sees the sword come on the land, he blow the trumpet, and warn the people; 4 Then whoever hears the sound of the trumpet, and takes not warning; if the sword come, and take him away, his blood shall be on his own head. 5 He heard the sound of the trumpet, and took not warning; his blood shall be on him. But he that takes warning shall deliver his soul. 6 But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned; if the sword come, and take any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at the watchman’s hand. 7 So you, O son of man, I have set you a watchman to the house of Israel; therefore you shall hear the word at my mouth, and warn them from me. (AKJV)

Please note that it was the prophet Ezekiel the Lord sent to warn the Israelites, and not someone else. This was more than 2500 years ago, regarding things that were about to happen back in those days.

Please also note that the things which Ezekiel was sent to warn about, then also happened. That is recorded in the Old Testament. But again, certain writers and preachers have caused people to believe that the warning which Ezekiel was to give, applies instead to our day and age, and that God has sent them (those preachers) to proclaim such a warning.

Some ‘Ezekiel watchmen’ have spoken about ‘desolate’ and ‘waste’ things.

Again, some preachers have threatened their followers that if they do not support the preacher, there will be “blood on their heads”, for their failure to help the preacher to do his “watchman duty”. Some of them have caused people to think that the book of Ezekiel says that Britain and USA will be subjected to attacks, perhaps nuclear ones, and that through that, those countries and their cities will become “desolate” and “waste”.

Does the book of Ezekiel say that? Let us read an example passage and consider what it really refers to.

Ezekiel 12:20 And the cities that are now inhabited shall be laid waste, and the land shall be desolate: and you shall know that I am the Lord. (DR1899)

Again, the prophet Ezekiel was told to warn the Israelites who had not yet been taken into captivity but still lived in the Promised Land. Through the prophet, the Lord let them know that if they did not turn back to Him, even they would be taken into captivity. Through that, the land of Israel and its towns were to become “desolate” and “waste” – that is, empty and without inhabitants.

Please note that that referred to the land of Israel (Canaan), and not some other land or lands. Also: Those things were to happen in the prophet’s own day and age, and not 2500 years later.

That was regarding the few Israelites (mostly Jews, people of Israel’s southern tribes) who in those days still lived in the Promised Land. And, as things went, those people did not heed the warnings, and consequently, even they were taken into captivity. Because of this, the land of Israel and its towns became “desolate” (without inhabitants) and “waste” (empty), for a long time.

Later, in the days of Ezra, some Jews returned to that land. But, the ten northern tribes (who had been exiled much earlier) never returned.

The ten ‘lost’ tribes of Israel still remain in the exile and dispersion which began more than 2700 years ago.

Here, one must keep in mind that Ezekiel’s warning regarding an exile was not directed to Israel’s ten northern, “lost” tribes. They had been driven into exile already at an earlier time.

Those ten “lost” tribes of Israel still remain dispersed among other nations, without having a country of their own. Their promised restoration has not taken place yet.

(The article nya050.htm sorts out the “2520 years” dogma which claims that the promised restoration took place in the early 1800s. The article nya010.htm has some notes on what biblical prophecy actually says, in regard to the fate of the tribes of Israel.)

The things which Ezekiel was told to warn about, came to happen, soon after those warnings were given.

Again, the prophet Ezekiel was sent to warn the few Israelites, mostly people of Israel’s southern tribes (Jews), who in those days still lived in the Promised Land. We can be certain that the Lord saw to it that that warning did reach them. But, they did not take heed, and so, the things they had been warned about, also came to happen. The fulfilment of those warning prophecies is recorded in the Old Testament.

When one reads the book of Ezekiel, one must discern between prophecies which have already been fulfilled, and such that have not. The things that Ezekiel prophesied regarding Judah and Jerusalem and the land of Israel (the book of Ezekiel, chapters 4–24), did happen, back in those days. They are events of the past, fulfilled prophecies, facts of history.

Please read all of this scripture-quote, with care and with thought:

Ezekiel 12:26 And the word of the Lord came to me: 27 “Son of man, behold, they of the house of Israel say, ‘The vision that he sees is for many days from now, and he prophesies of times far off.’ 28 Therefore say to them, Thus says the Lord God: None of my words will be delayed any longer, but the word that I speak will be performed, declares the Lord God.” (ESV01)

Please note the words “none of my words will be delayed any longer”, verse 28. That was said more than 2500 years ago. It was in those days that there was no more delay.

Now, exactly what does the above-quoted Ezekiel 12:26–28 refer to? And, whom were those words directed to? The answer to those questions is found in the context.

Ezekiel 12:10 Say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God: This oracle concerns the prince in Jerusalem and all the house of Israel who are in it.’ 11 Say, ‘I am a sign for you: as I have done, so shall it be done to them. They shall go into exile, into captivity.’ 12 And the prince who is among them shall lift his baggage upon his shoulder at dusk, and shall go out. They shall dig through the wall to bring him out through it. He shall cover his face, that he may not see the land with his eyes. 13 And I will spread my net over him, and he shall be taken in my snare. And I will bring him to Babylon, the land of the Chaldeans, yet he shall not see it, and he shall die there. (ESV01, highlighting added)

Verse 10: The phrase “all the house of Israel who are in it” refers to those Israelites, mostly Jews, who in those days still lived in Jerusalem. The “prince” which that verse mentions, was Zedekiah whom king Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had made a ruler in Judea, see 2 Kings 24:17 with its context.

Verse 13: The last part refers to what is recorded in Jeremiah 52:11.

The ancient Jewish-Roman writer Josephus said that the warnings were delivered to Zedekiah. Quoting his ‘Antiquities of the Jews’:

“[…] Ezekiel also foretold in Babylon what calamities were coming upon the people, which when he heard, he sent accounts of them to Jerusalem; but Zedekiah did not believe their prophecies […]” (‘Antiquities of the Jews’, 10.7.106, translation by William Whiston.)

(“Their prophecies”, plural – even Jeremiah is mentioned in the context, in that book.)

A side-note: Some have created dogmas regarding Zedekiah’s daughters. Concerning that matter, see the articles nya110.htm, nya120.htm and nya100.htm.

What and whom does the word ‘Israel’ refer to, in the book of Ezekiel?

A note: The reason why this matter is discussed in a detailed and somewhat lengthy manner both here and in an appendix, is that some writers have caused people to believe that the word “Israel” in the book of Ezekiel supposedly refers the Anglo-Saxon people, and that the passages where that book mentions the land of Israel and its towns and so on, supposedly refer to Britain and the USA and towns in those countries.

The book of Ezekiel mentions the word “Judah” around 15 times. The word “Israel” is mentioned some 169 times. Many of those 169 occurrences refer to the Jews, people of the house of Judah (the southern part of ancient Israel). There are some notes on this below, and more in an appendix at the end of this article.

In the Scriptures, “Israel” and “house of Israel” are flexible terms. Sometimes, they refer to the whole nation, but sometimes only to a part of it, for instance the Jews.

The word “Israel” was also used as a name for the land of Israel. That is, the one and only earthly Promised Land, the one which lies by the eastern coast of the Mediterranean sea.

The book of Ezekiel contains around 10 passages where the word “Israel” is used alone, without any qualifying words. That word has no “standard meaning” in Ezekiel’s book. Sometimes it refers to the whole nation (all tribes), but sometimes only to some part of that land or nation, such as the Jews. An example:

Ezekiel 9:8 […] Ah Lord God! will you destroy all the residue of Israel in your pouring out of your fury on Jerusalem? (AKJV)

That was regarding the Jews who in those days still remained in Jerusalem.

The appendix at the end of this article shows in more detail how the words “Israel”, “Judah” and “Jerusalem” are used, in certain phrases and combinations, in the book of Ezekiel.

A side-note: In the New Testament, things are slightly different when it comes to the word “Israel”. There, it nearly always refers to the Jews (consisting mostly of people of the southern tribes). It is also used to refer to a physical land-area (in practice, Judea and Galilee). The article nya080.htm has some notes on this.

Did Ezekiel deliver the messages which God gave him to deliver, or did he not?

Again, some have claimed that they are doing what the prophet Ezekiel had been sent to do, more than 2500 years ago. This of course leads to the question, did not the prophet Ezekiel do his job? Was he a failure?

Here, one must keep in mind that the warnings which the Lord told Ezekiel to deliver to the people in the land of Israel, were concerning things which then also happened, a few years after those warnings were given.

Ezekiel 8:1, 14:1 and 20:1 mention occasions when the elders of Judah and Israel had come to hear Ezekiel. The first of them talks about “the sixth year”, and the last of them about “the seventh year”. That refers to years after Jehoiachin’s captivity, see Ezekiel 1:2. So, Ezekiel 8:1 and 20:1 refer to circa 598–597 BCE. This was only a few years before Jerusalem was destroyed – 586 BCE, which is when the warning prophecies the Lord had sent through Ezekiel, were fulfilled. At that time, even the few Israelites who still remained in the land of Israel, were taken as captives, to Babylon.

So, how is it, did the Lord warn those people, or not? Did he allow Ezekiel to fail? Did the Lord, perhaps through an oversight, send that warning “a bit too late”, such as more than 2500 years after the event when the things to be warned about took place?

Again: Keep in mind that the warnings which Ezekiel was to deliver, were regarding things which then happened, only a few years later, around year 586 BCE.

There was and is only one Promised Land (on the earthly level).

The Lord took the Israelites out from Egypt and took them to the Promised Land, the land of Canaan. Later, when they were not faithful to the Lord, he drove them out from that land, into captivity and dispersion. (In the case of the ten northern tribes of Israel, that happened in two “waves”, circa 734 and 722 BCE. In the case of the southern tribes, the Jews, that happened in three “waves”, circa 605, 597 and 586 BCE.)

Anglo-Israelist writers have, in effect, caused people to believe that at a later time, the ten northern tribes of Israel were to receive some other “promised land”, or even several such lands, elsewhere in the world, and that after some time they would be taken away from those supposed other lands, to a new captivity.

But, anyone who carefully studies the Bible, can see that it does not say anything of that kind. It does not mention any new exile, from some other “promised land”.

By the way, what is the origin of those people who since the 1800s have moved to the land of Israel and call themselves Jews? The article nya010.htm has some notes on that matter.

For the ‘end time’, the prophet Ezekiel had a message of hope, for Israel.

It is true that a part of the book of Ezekiel contains a number of prophecies that refer to what is going to happen to the tribes of Israel, in still future times. But, those prophecies talk about good things, about how those tribes will finally be gathered and restored, after Jesus has come, and about those Israelites’ still future return to the one and only earthly Promised Land, and, after this, renewed blessings there. (This is regarding the contents of Ezekiel 33 to 39.)

A note: There are no mystical “2520 years” connected to the promised restoration and renewed blessing, as some have claimed. That is an invented dogma which is based on a word that occurs in some English bible-translations but is not found in the Hebrew text of the passages in question. (The earlier mentioned Baptist preacher William Miller had a dogma regarding “2520 years”. Anglo-Israelist writers have produced their own variant of that dogma, and have then used it for their own purposes, in connection with Leviticus 26:18 and 21 and so on. The article nya050.htm sorts out that matter.)

Here is a comparison between the message of hope which is found in the book of Ezekiel, and the Good Tidings which the apostle Peter proclaimed. Read the following scripture-quotes slowly and with thought, point for point, comparing them with each other.

Ezekiel 36:22 “Therefore, say to the house of Israel […] 24 “For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands, and bring you into your own land. 25 “Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 “Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 “And I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. 28 “And you will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. (NASB77)Acts 2:36 “Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ—this Jesus whom you crucified.” […] 38 And Peter said to them, “Repent, and let each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39 “For the promise is for you and your children, and for all who are far off, as many as the Lord our God shall call to Himself.” 40 And with many other words he solemnly testified and kept on exhorting them, saying, “Be saved from this perverse generation!” (NASB77)

If one carefully reads those texts, and compares them with each other, one will notice some striking similarities. Ezekiel wrote about the tribes of Israel being saved and gathered together, about washing with water, about receiving the Holy Spirit, and about being taken to the (earthly) Promised Land. Also the apostle Peter spoke about washing with water, about receiving the Holy Spirit, about being saved, and about the Promise.

Thus, on that day of the first-fruits (Pentecost, Acts 2), Simon Peter spoke about things of the same kind as we find in the book of Ezekiel, chapter 36. In other words: Ezekiel and Peter both proclaimed Good Tidings, a message of hope.

Links to the other 14 parts in this series on the tribes of Israel are found in the “recommended reading” section, after the appendix below.


Appendix – On how the word ‘Israel’ and related ones are used, in the book of Ezekiel.

The phrase ‘the children of Israel’.

Clarification: “The children of Israel” simply means “the descendants of Jacob”. Patriarch Jacob’s other name was Israel, see Genesis 32:28 with its context.

That phrase occurs 11 times in the book of Ezekiel, as the 1769 KJ version has it. It had no “standard meaning”; it was used in a relative way, just as words and phrases normally are, in human language. Sometimes it referred to all of Jacob’s descendants, including the Jews, but sometimes it was used of only certain parts of that nation.

In that context, some writers have been careless with the facts. For instance, some have claimed that Ezekiel 2:3 which records that the prophet was sent to “the children of Israel”, supposedly refers to the ten northern tribes (who already were in exile). But again, those who study the book of Ezekiel with care and with open eyes, will notice that the exile-related prophecies which are recorded in it, were directed to the few Israelites who in those days still remained in the land of Israel and had not yet been taken into exile.

‘Jerusalem’.

That word occurs 26 times in the book of Ezekiel, and refers to the town Jerusalem, the capital of Judah. (Before the division which occurred in the days of king Solomon’s son Rehoboam, Jerusalem had been the capital of the whole nation.)

Well, sometimes the word “Jerusalem” referred even to people: The few Israelites, mostly Jews, who in Ezekiel’s day still lived in that town. – This clear fact is mentioned here only because some writers have claimed or insinuated that for instance the symbolic siege against Jerusalem, recorded in Ezekiel 4:1–8, supposedly referred to some other place, some other country and some other time.

The in Ezekiel 4 mentioned symbolic siege which the prophet had to perform, pictured the literal siege which then occurred when Nebuchadnezzar’s troops came and surrounded and then took that town, around year 586 BCE.

It is worth noting that the book of Ezekiel mentions Samaria [the capital of the ten northern tribes, before their exile] only 6 times, while Jerusalem [originally the capital of the whole nation but in those days the capital of Judah] is mentioned 26 times.

‘Judah’.

The word “Judah” occurs 15 times in Ezekiel’s book. It refers to the southern tribes of Israel (the “Jews”), but one must keep in mind that in Ezekiel’s day, most Jews were already in exile, including Ezekiel himself. (He was of the tribe of Levi who were also counted as Jews.) However, a small part of the house of Judah still remained in the land of Israel; it was those people the prophet was told to warn and tell them that a captivity was about to come, even for them. (That is, if they did not repent and turn to the Lord and follow His instructions.)

An example of the use of the word “Judah” in the book of Ezekiel: “I sat in my house, and the elders of Judah sat before me”, Ezekiel 8:1.

The phrase ‘mountains of Israel’.

This phrase occurs 15 times in the book of Ezekiel. There, it refers to literal mountains in the land of Canaan, and by extension also the few Israelites who in those days still lived in that country. An example:

Ezekiel 6:3 You are to say: Mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord God! This is what the Lord God says to the mountains and the hills, to the ravines and the valleys: I am about to bring a sword against you, and I will destroy your high places. (HCSB)

Please note that those mountains were in the land of Israel (Canaan), and not in some other land. The same goes for the phrase “the mountain of the height of Israel” which occurs 2 times in that book; even that phrase refers to the one and only earthly Promised Land. Please also note that for instance the warning prophecy which is recorded in the above-quoted Ezekiel 6:3, was then fulfilled, and is now a thing of the distant past.

The phrases ‘all the house of Israel’ and ‘my people Israel’.

The phrase “all the house of Israel” occurs 7 times in Ezekiel’s book (as the KJV1769 has it). That phrase indeed referred to all of Israel, including Judah.

There is also the phrase “my people Israel” which occurs 4 times in the book of Ezekiel. Even that phrase referred to all of Israel, including Judah.

Please send or mention the address to this site to others. You can also link to these pages. The address to the table of contents page is biblepages.net/articles.htm

Recommended reading here at the Bible Pages, on related as well as other matters

An explanation of the short names for the bible-translations that are quoted or mentioned at this site. → nsa090.htm

What does the Bible say about the “great tribulation”? On Matthew 24:21 and Revelation 7:14. → nta040.htm

On the words “gentiles”, “pagans” and “heathen” and what they actually mean and refer to. → nga010.htm

On the temple and the sacrifices of Ezekiel 40 to 48. → noa170.htm

The other parts in the ‘tribes’ series:

The lost ten tribes of Israel in prophecy. → nya010.htm

Leviticus 26:19, “and I will break the pride of your power”. How and when was the Israelites’ pride broken? → nya020.htm

On the meaning of Genesis 22:17, the words “and your seed shall possess the gate of his enemies”. → nya030.htm

Jacob’s birthright, and that of his son Joseph. On what the concept “birthright” meant and referred to, in regard to inheritance, in ancient times. → nya040.htm

On the meaning of the words “seven times” in Leviticus 26:18, 21, 24 and 28. Does the wording in the Hebrew text mean “seven times more” or “sevenfold” as many translations have it, or “2520 years” as some writers have claimed? → nya050.htm

Jeremiah 30:7, “the time of Jacob’s trouble”. What does chapter 30 in the book of Jeremiah really mean and refer to? → nya060.htm

The lost sheep of the house of Israel of Matthew 10:6 – who were they, and where? Also: Where did the apostles go? → nya080.htm

Did the ten lost tribes of Israel move into Europe? Are the white north-west Europeans Israelites, as some say? → nya090.htm

Is the line of David the king of Israel still ruling somewhere on Earth? → nya100.htm

The meaning of the words “branch” and “twig” in Ezekiel 17:22. Some notes on Anglo-Israelist dogmas regarding king Zedekiah’s daughters. → nya110.htm

The prophet Jeremiah – where did he die? Did he go to Ireland, as some have claimed? Also, what about the “stone of destiny” which some writers talk about? → nya120.htm

Did people of the ten “lost” tribes of Israel travel to Greece, Denmark and Ireland? Some notes on certain Anglo-Israelist dogmas. → nya130.htm

Regarding Anglo-Israelism: What if it is Russia and her Slavic sisters who are the lost ten tribes of Israel? → nya140.htm

Ethnic groups which could eventually belong to the “lost” tribes of Israel. → nya150.htm


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Please send or mention the address to this site to others. You can also link to these pages.

You can download this whole site for offline use. See the page npa040.htm.

This document was created or modified 2017–04–28. ©