The Bible Pages, key-word index, section Salem to Saraphim
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Section Salem to Saraphim (the other sections → key00.htm)
- In the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, the word salem (shalem) is used in different ways. Genesis 15:16, “for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full (shalem)”. In Genesis 33:18, some bible-versions have a town called “Shalem” in Shechem, while some translate, “Jacob came in peace to the town of Shechem”. Genesis 34:21, “these men are peaceable (shalem) with us”. And so on – again, the word salem/shalem is used in many different ways in the OT, and often the meaning is not clear.
- Genesis 14:18 mentions “Melchizedek king of Salem”. Some have claimed that the Salem mentioned in that verse equals to Jerusalem, but the facts are that we simply do not know where the Salem of Genesis 14:18 was – and, it could also be that the meaning was, “Melchizedek the king of peace”. See the preceding point.
Salome (Greek Salômê)
- Mark 15:40 and Mark 16:1 mention a woman called Salome. Some have wanted to identify her as “the wife of Zebedee and the mother of the apostles James and John”, but the facts are that the New Testament text does not make it clear who she was.
- Some say that the daughter of Herodias (Matthew 14:6, Mark 6:22) was called Salome, but her name is not mentioned in the NT.
- Salt in the Bible, as a symbol, and more. → noa140.htm
- What did Jesus mean when he said to his disciples, “you are the salt of the earth”? And also, how can salt lose its flavour? → noa140.htm
- What does the word “salvation” mean?
- In the “world of religion”, there are many different kinds of definitions for the word and concept “salvation”. But, what the whole matter boils down to, is simply that salvation is the same as being saved from death – that is, being granted lasting life. (It may be that many writers do not want to mention this, because they have dogmas which claim that humans have an “immortal soul”.)
- Point: It is because of the fact that we humans indeed are mortal, that we need salvation. That is why the apostle Paul wrote about “mortality being swallowed by life” (2 Corinthians 5:4) and “the mortal putting on immortality”, 1 Corinthians 15:54. Here is that latter verse with some of its context:
- 1 Corinthians 15:53–55, “For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. O death, where is your sting? O grave, where is your victory?” (AKJV)
- The phrase “the salvation of your souls” that some translations have in 1 Peter 1:9, simply means “the saving of your lives”. That is, being granted lasting life.
- That is what salvation is all about. There is more to that matter of course, including resurrection, but that is its core. Again: We humans are mortal, and so, we need salvation (being saved from death).
- Regarding the matter of resurrection, see the article nba080.htm.
- For more, see the other parts of this multi-page index, or use the search function.
- After the reign of Solomon the son of David, Israel was divided into two nations, Israel and Judah. The northern tribes were called “Israel” and made later Samaria their capital; the southern tribes were called “Judah” (whence the word “Jews”) and had Jerusalem as their capital.
- Later, after the northern tribes had been taken into captivity (circa 2700 years ago), Samaria and its surroundings came to be populated by other people, “Samaritans”. It is thought that they were a mixed people who were brought into the northern part of the land of Israel from Babylon and other places. And so, in the New Testament the word “Samaritan” refers to non-Jews.
Samuel the prophet, and the books 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel
- Some have mistakenly thought that Samuel was not a priest (of priestly lineage). Certain scriptures show how it was with that matter:
- 1 Samuel 1:1 records that Samuel’s father Elkanah was “of mount Ephraim”, and also “an Ephrathite”. That merely meant that he came from a town called Ephratah (the same as Bethlehem), and lived in an area that was called “mount Ephraim”.
- 1 Chronicles 6:16–28 shows that he was a Levite (of the tribe of Levi).
- Also, the Bible records how Samuel was given (dedicated) to the Lord already before his birth (see 1 Samuel 1:1–11). Later, he became a de facto adopted son of the Aaronic priest Eli, and served the Lord in the sanctuary (see 1 Samuel 1:24 to 2:11, 2:18, 3:1–10, et cetera).
- In short: There are no problems with counting Samuel the Levite as a person of priestly lineage.
- The Jews sort 1 and 2 Samuel under the section Neviim, “the Prophets”. → (nca010.htm, appendix)
- The death of the prophet Samuel is recorded in 1 Samuel 25:1. Some think that that 1 Samuel 1–24 was written by the prophet himself.
- Apparently, “1 Samuel” and “2 Samuel” used to be one single book. Some say that it was divided into two when the first Greek translation was made, around the second century BCE.
- In some Latin versions, the books of Samuel are called “1 Kings” and “2 Kings” (and, consequently, 1 King and 2 Kings are called “3 Kings” and “4 Kings”.)
- Passages in the two books of Samuel, mentioned at this site:
- 1 Samuel 1
- 1 Samuel 5
- 1 Samuel 8
- 1 Samuel 13
- 1 Samuel 27
- 2 Samuel 7
- 2 Samuel 12
- 2 Samuel 22
- For more, see the other parts of this multi-page index, or use the search function.
Sanctification → nba020.htm
- The Old Covenant had an earthly sanctuary. From the days of Moses to the days of king David, it was a portable construction, like a large tent which could be folded together and then transported to another place. This is why the sanctuary is sometimes called “tent”, in both the Old and New Testaments. (A note: The old Latin word tabernaculum meant “tent”.)
- The permanent house (temple) to replace that Tent was built much later, in Solomon’s day, but even it was sometimes called “Tent”.
- Look also under the headings “Temple” and “Tabernacle”.
Santa Claus → nwa050.htm
- Sarah was the wife of Abraham and the mother of Isaac.
- She was originally called Sarai, Hebrew Saray, but her name was changed to Sarah, see Genesis 17:15.
- In the Greek Septuagint version (LXX), Sarai and Sarah are spelled as Sara and Sarra. In the Greek NT text we find only her new name, spelled as Sarra.
- Sarah is mentioned in around 43 passages in Genesis, 1 in Isaiah, 2 in Romans, 1 in Hebrews and 1 in 1 Peter – and also in Galatians even though her name is not mentioned there. (See the next point, below.)
- Galatians 4 and the allegory regarding the two covenants, with Hagar and her offspring and Mount Sinai and the earthly Jerusalem, versus Sarah and her offspring and the heavenly Jerusalem. → nca080.htm – naa020.htm
- Look also under the headings “Abraham”.
Saraph, saraphim → nda030.htm – nda010.htm
Next section: Sardis to Sect (the other sections → key00.htm)
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