The Bible Pages, key-word index, section Sabaoth to Saints
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Section Sabaoth to Saints (the other sections → key00.htm)
Sabaoth or sebaoth, Hebrew tsabaoth, tsebaoth
- The word tsabaoth, singular form tsaba, occurs in some 485 passages in the Hebrew text of the Old Testament. It is sometimes transcribed as “Sabaoth” or “Sebaoth”.
- That word refers to hosts of different kinds. An example: Genesis 2:1, “Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished”.
- One commonly used bible-version translates in 393 passages the Hebrew noun tsabaoth as “host” or “hosts”. Some of those passages refer to armies, but not in any way all.
- Some translate the Hebrew phrase Yahweh tsabaoth as “the Lord of hosts”.
- In OT passages where the Hebrew text has tsabaoth, the Greek text of the Septuagint version (LXX) often has pantokrator which means “ruler of all” or “all-ruler”. For more on that word, look under the heading “Omnipotent”.
- The old Hebrew verb shabath meant “to rest”; the noun shabbath meant “a rest”.
- There was also a land sabbath (land rest) – the Old Covenant’s rules stipulated a “land sabbath” (Leviticus 25:1–5); agricultural land was to be allowed to “rest”, each seventh year.
- The symbolism of the Old Covenant’s weekly day of rest, the Sabbath. → nxa110.htm
- A clarification of Hebrews 4:9 – the actual nature of the sabbatismos or rest which the saints were to enter. → nxa100.htm
- Why the Lord’s act of resting (Genesis 2:2) is mentioned in Hebrews 4:3–4. → nxa100.htm
- Should believers keep some days, and if so, which? → naa040.htm – nxa090.htm
- Regarding the mention of the Sabbath in the Decalogue, see the article nca050.htm.
- The apostle Paul wrote to the saints in Colosse, “let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days” (Colossians 2:16). Exactly what did he mean and refer to? → noa070.htm
- Look also under the heading “High days”.
Sabbatismos – The actual nature of the sabbatismos or rest of Hebrews 4:9. → nxa100.htm
Sacred, sacredness – Look under the headings “Holy, holiness”, “Sanctification”, “Saints” and “Righteousness”.
- The “sacred names” movement comes from a certain split of the Millerist movement which was started by the Baptist and Freemason preacher William Miller (1782–1849). Details:
- It appears that the “sacred names” dogma was invented by the preacher Clarence Dodd (1899–1955), eventually in co-operation with Andrew Dugger (1866–1975). Dodd and Dugger had in the early 1900s been members of “Church of God (Seventh Day)” of Salem, West Virginia, which was one of the many splits of seventh day adventism (which in its turn was a split of the Millerist movement). Dodd claimed that the Hebrew and Greek texts of the Old and New Testaments had been “forged”, so that “the original names” for God the Father and his son Jesus had been “altered”, from some supposed earlier “sacred names”. However, there is no whatsoever textual, historical or scriptural evidence of any such thing.
- The movement which Dodd started, has split into many different fractions which are not in agreement. Each group has its own ideas as to what the “sacred names” supposedly are. Because of this, there are numerous “sacred names” of different kinds.
- Some parts of the “sacred names” movement talk about “returning to Hebrew roots”, and try to cause people to begin keeping the rules of Old Covenant, or some of them. (For more on the matter of the two covenants, old and new, look under the heading “Covenants”.)
Sacrifice, sacrificing (offer, offering)
- A note: “Sacrifice” is the same as “offering”. In the biblical context, the words “sacrifice” and “offer” (“offering”) are synonyms and mostly point to the Old Covenant’s burnt offerings. The same goes for the words “offered” and “sacrificed” as well as “offering” and “sacrificing”.
- The custom of “giving offerings in church” appears to be of Catholic origin. It does not have any scriptural support. The New Covenant does not have any sacrifices (offerings), other than the Sacrifice which Jesus made when he gave his life in place of others.
- Have the Old Covenant’s burnt offerings (sacrifices) been “spiritualised” into monetary offerings? In other words: Should believers give “offerings” to some church or preacher? The article nma010.htm has some notes on that question.
- Regarding monetary things in connection with religion, look under the heading “Money”.
- Regarding the matter of the two covenants, old and new, look under the heading “Covenants”.
- The Old Covenant’s Passover-lambs were symbolic of Jesus and his Sacrifice. → nca040.htm
- The word “sacrifice” in the New Testament
- The word “sacrifice” in Hebrews 13:15 refers to thanking and praising God. “A sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of lips that give thanks to his name.” → (naa040.htm) – (nba100.htm)
- The word “sacrifice” in Hebrews 13:16 refers to aiding the poor. “Do not neglect to do good and to share what you have, for such sacrifices are pleasing to God”. → nma070.htm
- When the apostle Peter wrote to some saints and said that they, “as living stones” being built up as “a spiritual house” and “a holy priesthood”, were to “offer up spiritual sacrifices”, that was symbolic language, of course. → noa030.htm
- Some have thought that the mention of an “added law” in Galatians 3:19 refers to “added rituals” such as sacrifices, but that is a misunderstanding. → nca080.htm
- Ezekiel 40 to 48, the temple and the sacrifices which are mentioned in those chapters – what was the prophet talking about; what did that vision really refer to? → noa170.htm
- On the symbolism of the sacrificial goat on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16). → nxa040.htm
- On the symbolism of the wave-sacrifice of first-fruits barley which was made in connection with the Passover and the Days of Unleavened Bread. → nxa010.htm
- On the symbolism of the wave-sacrifice of bread-loaves that was made on Pentecost. → nxa020.htm
- In old Rome, the mid-winter festival which today is celebrated as “Christmas”, was started with a cry of “Io Saturnalia”, and with a sacrifice of pigs at Saturn’s temple. → nwa050.htm
- Look also under the headings “Offer”, “Altar” and “Worship”.
- The Sadducees: Who and how were they really? Also: Who were the Herodians and the Boethusians? → noa130.htm
- On the rivalry between the Pharisee and Sadducee parties. → noa130.htm
- The “leaven” of the Sadducees, and of the Pharisees and of Herod. → noa130.htm – noa120.htm
- When the New Testament talks about “saints”, that mostly refers to those who received the Holy Spirit in biblical times, first century CE or earlier. → nga030.htm
- Likewise, in the articles at this site, the word “saints” refers to those who received the Holy Spirit in biblical times.
- In the Greek NT text, the word for “saints” is hagios, related to hagizô (hagiazô) which had to do with devoting, dedicating, separating. – The saints had been separated from this world, to God and his son Jesus. → (nga030.htm)
- What happened to the saints? Why is there no record of their doings, after the middle of the first century? → nga040.htm
- What the Scriptures say about the saints’ calling, election and sanctification. → nba020.htm
- For more, see the other parts of this multi-page index, or use the search function.
Next section: Salem to Saraphim (the other sections → key00.htm)
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