The Bible Pages, key-word index, section Maccabean to Mary
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Section Maccabean to Mary (the other sections → key00.htm)
- “Maccabees” is the name of two books in the Apocrypha. It is thought that 1 Maccabees was written in Hebrew, and 2 Maccabees in Greek.
- Apparently, the name “Maccabees” comes from Judas Maccabee, in Hebrew perhaps Yehudah HaMakabi, “Judah the Hammer” (see 1 Maccabees 2:4 et cetera), who led the Maccabean revolt in Judea, approximately 167 BCE – 160 BCE, against the Seleucid Empire and perhaps against Greek influence in general.
- Macedonia was and is a district in north-eastern Greece. The words Makedonia and Makedôn are mentioned in around 24 passages in the Greek NT text, from Acts 16:9 to 1 Timothy 1:3.
Magdala (Magadan) – Some bible-versions have in Matthew 15:39 the word “Magdala”, apparently referring to a place by the lake of Gennesaret. – Some Greek texts have Μαγδαλα, “Magdala”, while some have Μαγαδαν, “Magadan”.
- “The Major prophets” is a phrase connected to a Jewish way of dividing the Old Testament into sections. According to one reckoning, the part called “the Major prophets” consists of Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel, while the section called “the Minor prophets” consists of Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi. → (nca010.htm, appendix)
- The Jews sort the book of Malachi under the section Neviim, “the Prophets”, and further under the sub-sections “the Latter prophets” and “the Minor prophets”. → (nca010.htm, appendix)
- Passages in the book of Malachi that are mentioned at this site:
- Malachi 3
- Malachi 4
- Malachi 4
- Manasseh was a son of Joseph (born by the Egyptian woman Asenath, her first child, see Genesis 41:50–52).
- Manasseh was “adopted” by his grandfather Jacob, see Genesis 48:5.
- Manasseh’s descendants came to form the tribe of Manasseh, one of the tribes of Israel (a part of the tribe of Joseph).
- Between circa 2700 and 2500 years ago, the Israelites were driven out from the Promised Land and taken into captivity and dispersion. The northern tribes, including Manasseh, never returned to that land. Through this, they became the ten “lost” tribes of Israel.
- Some writers have claimed that the Anglo-Saxon people in USA and Britain are tribes of Israel, “Manasseh” and “Ephraim”. Is that true? → nya090.htm
- Joseph’s birthright, what it actually was and consisted of. → nya040.htm
- For more, look under the heading “Tribes of Israel”.
- The existing Hebrew and Greek manuscripts of the Old and New Testaments are not “original”. They are merely hand-written copies of something earlier. (The word “manuscript” comes from the Latin words manu scriptus, “written by hand”.)
- Copyists make mistakes and omissions, and sometimes even changes and additions. This is why there are many differences between manuscripts. (Most of those differences are small, but some are more significant.)
- Many of the older Hebrew and Greek (and other language) manuscripts are written on vellum (parchment, produced of animal skins) or on papyrus (paper produced of the papyrus reed).
- The Greek-language Codex Sinaiticus is the oldest a b known full-length bible-manuscript. It contains almost all of the Septuagint (LXX) and the Greek text of New Testament. Some think that the Codex Sinaiticus was produced some time between years 325 and 360 CE.
- a All known full-length Old Testament manuscripts in Hebrew are of much later date, circa from year 1000 (CE) and later. (The so-called “Dead Sea scrolls”, which some think to be older, contain only small fragments of the OT.)
- b No “original bible texts” are available in our day. All existing, known manuscripts are hand-written copies of some earlier text. That some manuscripts are thought to be “oldest”, does not mean that they contain the “most original text”. (An old copy is not necessarily a good copy. There were several parallel series or “families” of text copies, “manuscripts”.)
- In other words: For instance, when someone tries to prove some claim or dogma by saying, “this passage is omitted in the oldest manuscripts”, that does not prove anything at all. John 7:53–8:11 is an example case. That passage is omitted in “the most ancient mss”, but in the manuscripts where it is omitted, that omission is often indicated either by certain special signs, or by an empty space. This means that that passage had existed, before those “ancient mss” (copies) were made. Thus, the “less ancient” manuscripts which contain that passage, are likely to be more true to the original, at least in regard to that passage. (An ancient Catholic writer by the name Augustine noted that come copyists may have excluded John 7:53–8:11, “in order to avoid the impression that Christ had sanctioned adultery”.)
- Maps of the Exodus route, from Rameses in Egypt, over the Red Sea to Mount Sinai in Arabia. → noa060a.htm – noa060d.htm – noa060.htm
- Maps and some notes on certain kingdoms which are mentioned in the Bible – Assyria, Babylon or Chaldea, Media and Persia. → nwa080.htm
Mark – the Book of Mark, the Gospel of Mark
- The book or “gospel” which is called “Mark”, is in fact anonymous. The name “Mark” does not appear in the “book of Mark”, and we do not know who wrote that book. Catholic writers have claimed that it was written by someone called Mark, but that cannot be verified.
- The name Mark or Marcus (Greek Markos) appears in Acts 12:12, 12:25, 15:37 and 15:39, Colossians 4:10, 2 Timothy 4:11, Philemon 1:24 and 1 Peter 5:13. But, we have no way of knowing whether the person(s) which those passages mention, had anything to do with the book which Catholic writers have assigned to “Mark”.
- Passages in the book of Mark, mentioned at this site:
- Mark 1
- Mark 2
- Mark 3
- Mark 5
- Mark 6
- Mark 7
- Mark 8
- Mark 9
- Mark 10
- Mark 11
- Mark 12
- Mark 13
- Mark 15
Marking – The disciples were told to mark and avoid persons of a certain kind. → naa100.htm
- Marriage-related things in the Bible
- Matthew 22:2–14, “The reign of the heavens was likened to a man, a king, who made marriage-feasts for his son”. → nba020.htm
- The Old Covenant was in many ways like a marriage covenant, and so is the New Covenant. → (nca020.htm)
- The parable of the ten virgins waiting for the Bridegroom (Matthew 25). → nba060.htm
- Regarding human marriages and weddings – here are some notes on that matter:
- There are no biblical examples of “church weddings” or of people being wed by a “priest”, nor is there any scriptural support for that. Those things are traditions of Catholic origin. The same applies to many of the rites, customs and symbols that are in our days practised and used in connection with marriages, in the western world.
- The New Testament does not record what the saints did or practised in regard to marriages and weddings. However, some things are clear, such as that they did not have “churches” (or temples or “sanctuaries” or the like), nor did they have priests. And so, they had neither “church weddings” nor “priests officiating weddings”. On the other hand, it is also clear that the New Testament shows that marriage was to be kept sacred, and that divorce was to be avoided.
Mary (in the Greek NT text Maria or Mariam)
- The NT mentions three women by the name Mary – Jesus’ mother, and “Mary the wife of Cleophas”, and “Mary Magdalene”.
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