The Bible Pages, key-word index, section Hebrew to Herodians
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Section Hebrew to Herodians (the other sections → key00.htm)
Hebrew (the language)
- Most of the Old Testament was written in Hebrew, but some parts were written in Aramaic, a closely related language.
- In the Greek texts of the Septuagint and the New Testament, the spelling is hebraios, referring to persons of Hebrew origin, Israelites.
- The words hebraikos, hebrais and hebraisti in the Greek NT text may actually have referred to the Aramaic language.
- Tools for studies of the Hebrew text of the Old Testament. → (esa017.htm) – (esa027.htm)
Hebrews (the epistle to the Hebrews)
- The “epistle to the Hebrews” is anonymous; the NT text does not state who wrote it, or who it was written to. But, there are several good reasons to think that it was written or dictated by the apostle Paul, and sent to some Jewish saints.
- Passages in the letter to the Hebrews, mentioned at this site:
- For more, see the other parts of this multi-page index, or use the search function.
- The Bible does not support the concept of humans being kept in continued torment, without dying, in a “burning hell”.
- Revelation 14:10–11 is considered in the article eta077.htm.
- In the New Testament passages where for instance the 1769 King James version has “hell”, the Greek text has either gehenna, hadês or tartaroô – there is more on those words, below.
- Gehenna (γεεννα), 12 times in the Greek NT text – a word of Hebrew/Aramaic origin, apparently a transliteration of the Hebrew ge Hinnom, “the valley of Hinnom” (often ge bene Hinnom, “the valley of the son of Hinnom”), a place south of Jerusalem where refuse and dead animals were thrown and then burned up. It seems that the name of that valley was used in a symbolic way as well.
- It is said that in that valley, refuse-fires burned all the time, and there were of course worms in the surroundings, eating of what remained. That might be what the words “their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched”, Mark 9, refer to.
- The valley of Hinnom, or a part of it, was also called Tophet, see 2 Kings 23:10.
- Hadês (haidês), 11 times in the Greek NT text – that word was used as a synonym for death and the grave. 1 Corinthians 15:55, “O death, where is your sting? O grave [Greek hadês], where is your victory?” (AKJV, comment added)
- Tartaroô (only in 2 Peter 2:4) – a verb, related to the noun tartaros. Greek background: The Greek epic poem Iliad mentions an underground place which was closed by iron gates, and was called Tartaros. Later poets used that word as a synonym for Hadês (grave, death).
- In 2 Peter 2:4, the verb tartaroô is used in connection with certain sinning angels, who were “cast into tartaros” – apparently, that was a reference to some kind of imprisonment, until a coming day of judgment.
- “The gates of hell” in Matthew 16:18 – “I will build my assembly, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it” – what does that mean and refer to? → eaa017.htm
- The “sons of hell” of Matthew 23:15. → eoa127.htm
Heresy, heretic → (eaa108.htm)
- Mount Hermon is mentioned in 13 Old Testament passages. On modern-day maps it is located on the border between Lebanon and Syria.
- Mount Hermon was also called Sirion and Shenir (Deuteronomy 3:9).
- In the Hebrew text of Deuteronomy 4:48, mount Hermon is called Siyon, but it is not the same as Mount Sion (Zion, Hebrew Tsiyown).
Herodians → eoa138.htm
Next section: Hierarchy to Hypocrisy (the other sections → key00.htm)
Table of contents – a list of the articles at this site, with short subject descriptions. → articles.htm
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