The Bible Pages, key-word index, section Baal to Belteshazzar
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Section Baal to Belteshazzar (the other sections → key00.htm)
- Baal, meaning “lord”, is a name of an ancient idol (Judges 2:13, et cetera). Baal is a “sun-god” (ultimately a symbol of Satan).
- In the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, the Hebrew noun baal is used in many meanings, among them “lord”, “master”, “man”, “owner”, “husband” and “citizen”. The verb-form baal meant, among other things, “to marry” (see Exodus 21:3, et cetera).
- One often used bible-version translates the noun baal in many different ways, such as “lord”, “man”, “owner”, “husband”, “have”, “master”, “adversary”, “archers” and so on.
- Baal was also a man’s name, see 1 Chronicles 5:5, 8:30 and 9:36.
Babel, Babylon, Babylonian
- Babylon played a major role in the old-testamental scenario.
- Its name: In the Old Testament passages where for instance the 1769 KJ version has “Babylon” or “Babel”, the Hebrew text always has Babel (Bavel). Also the Aramaic texts in the books of Ezra and Daniel have Babel. (In Ezra 4:9, we find the form Babliy, “the people of Babel”.) A note: Some translations have “Babylonish” in Joshua 7:21, but there, the Hebrew text has Shinar.
- Genesis 11 mentions the building of a tower in Babel, and the confounding of language.
- The Hebrew text of Genesis 11:9 indicates that the old Hebrew (Aramaic) word babel referred to “confusion [by mixing]”.
- In the Greek text of the Septuagint (LXX), the word Babel in mostly transcribed as Babulôn, but in Genesis 11:9 the Septuagint translates it as sugchusis which meant “mixture”, “confusion”.
- In the Greek text of the New Testament, the name Babel appears in the transcribed form Babulôn, just as in the Septuagint.
- The core of the ancient kingdom of Babylon was in what the Greek came to call Mesopotamia, from mesos + potamos, “between” + “rivers”, referring to a part of the area between (and perhaps even around) the rivers Tigris and Euphrates.
- Maps and some notes on certain kingdoms which are mentioned in the Bible – Assyria, Babylon or Chaldea, Persia and Media. → ewa086.htm
- Regarding Nebuchadnezzar, a king of Babel (Babylon), look under the heading “Nebuchadnezzar”.
- Regarding Belshazzar, Nebuchadnezzar’s (grand)son and the last king of Babylon, look under the heading “Belshazzar”.
- A large part of the Jews (mostly people of the southern tribes of Israel) were taken into captivity in Babylon. That happened in several transports. 2 Kings 24:1–17 records the first part; those things occurred circa 605 BCE and 597 BCE. The last major transport is recorded in 2 Kings 25:1–21; it took place around 586 BCE.
- Later, the kingdom of Babylon fell; it was conquered by the Medo-Persian empire, around year 538 BCE, see Daniel 5:30–31 et cetera.
- The prophecy in Isaiah 14, regarding the last king of Babylon (Belshazzar). → eda056.htm
- It was Belshazzar who saw how the words mene mene tekel upharsin (or peres) were written on a wall. → (eda056.htm) – (ewa086.htm)
- The prophet Daniel was among those Jews who had been taken into captivity in Babylon (around 605 BCE). He lived there during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar and his (grand)son Belshazzar, and then during the reign of Cyrus. Daniel was given an important position in Babylon.
- Even Daniel’s fellows Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego (the three men who were thrown into a burning oven but miraculously survived, see Daniel 3), were given important positions. (Their Jewish names were Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah, see Daniel 1:7.)
- Also the prophet Ezekiel lived in Babylon.
- Ezra the priest was among the captives in Babylon, and so was Zerubbabel (who apparently was also called Sheshbazzar).
- The Persian ruler Cyrus who had taken over Babylon, gave an edict which permitted those Jews who wished, to move back from Babylon to their own land (Cyrus controlled even the land of Israel at that time). See 2 Chronicles 36:22 and onward, and Ezra 1:1 and onward.
- Ancient Babylon was a political, military and economic “superpower” of its day and age.
- On the “Babylon” which is mentioned in the book of Revelation. → ewa037.htm
- Look also under the heading “John the Baptist”.
- When the saints received the Holy Spirit, there were signs, and they were changed; the fruit of the Spirit was seen in their lives. But today, when people are baptised, they are not notably changed and no obvious fruit of the Spirit are seen in their daily lives. Why is this? → eba017.htm
Bar Jonah – Look below, under the heading “Barjona”.
Barbarian (Greek barbaros, barbaroi; Acts 28:2–4, Romans 1:14, 1 Corinthians 14:11, Colossians 3:11) → ega018.htm, appendix 2
Barjona (Simon Barjona, Simon the son of Jonah, in NT Greek Simôn Bariônas) – Look under the heading “Peter”.
- On the symbolism of the wave sacrifice of barley that was made during the Days of Unleavened Bread. → exa019.htm – (exa087.htm) – (exa027.htm)
- Was the barley-offer of Leviticus 23 a “sheaf” as some have claimed, or did it consist of specially prepared barley flour, as Jewish tradition has it? → exa027.htm (with appendixes) – exa087.htm (with appendixes)
- The name Barnabas is mentioned in around 29 New Testament passages, from Acts 4:36 to Colossians 4:10.
- Barnabas often accompanied the apostle Paul.
- Was Barnabas an apostle? → ega096.htm
- Regarding Acts 15 and the occasion when the saints in Antioch sent Paul, Barnabas and certain others to Jerusalem, to settle a certain matter. → eoa046.htm
- Acts 4:36 tells us that a man called Joses (Greek Iôses) was surnamed Barnabas, and that he was from Cyprus, and that he was a Jew, of the tribe of Levi, but it is not fully clear whether that is the same Barnabas who often accompanied Paul in his travels.
- The “Epistle of Barnabas” is considered to be spurious.
Bartholomew, the apostle
- In Matthew 10:3, Mark 3:18, Luke 6:14 and Acts 1:13, he is called by the patronymic name Bartholomaios, “son of Tholomaios”, but it seems that his first name was Nathanael (John 1:45–49 and 21:2). → ega096.htm
BBE (A bible-translation.) → esa095.htm
- The “beast” of the book of Revelation. → ewa037.htm
- The “mark of the beast”. → ewa037.htm
- The “number of the beast”. → ewa037.htm
- Beasts: Titus 1:11–12 records how the apostle Paul warned about “savage beasts, not willing to work” who were “teaching things that ought not be taught”. Similar: Acts 20:29–30 records how Paul warned the elders from Ephesus about “burdensome wolves” who “speak perverted things”. → ema026.htm
- The word and concept “beatitudes” comes from the Latin text of the Catholic Vulgate translation where nine consecutive verses (Matthew 5:3–11) begin with the word beati, plural of beatus which meant “happy”, “blessed”. In those verses, the Greek text has makarios which likewise meant “happy”, “blessed”.
Bees, beehive, beeswax
- Some use the bee and the beehive as religious symbols, but that is not biblical. The beehive has since ancient times been used as a symbol connected with the Queen of heaven. Obviously, that must be the reason why the Catholics (and even some others) use candles with beeswax in their rituals. For more on this, look under the heading “Candles”.
Belgium – Some writers have claimed that the people of Belgium are Israelites, “the tribe of Asher”. Is that true? → eya097.htm
- Is “having faith” the same as “believing that God exists”? On the word and concept “faith” in the Bible. → eba098.htm
- On doctrines, dogmas, creeds and “statements of beliefs”. → esa087.htm
- Look also under the headings “Faith” and “Doctrine”.
- If one is a believer, one must also see to it that others can believe (trust) in one’s words. That is: Believers must be reliable and trustworthy. They must not lie. → eoa056.htm
- Are believers a “royal priesthood” or “kings and priests”, as some say? How should one understand 1 Peter 2:4–9? → eoa037.htm
- How should believers “worship God”? → eaa047.htm
- What high days or holy days should a believer keep, or not keep? → exa098.htm – eaa047.htm
- Should believers take part in politics and political elections? → (eaa137.htm)
- Should believers follow men (such as, some “religious authority” or similar)? → esa068.htm – eaa068.htm – ema037.htm
- Does the Bible support the claim that believers should give money to some church or preacher? → ema026.htm – ema018.htm – ema058.htm – ema047.htm – ema067.htm – ema097.htm – ema107.htm – ema037.htm
- Should believers follow some food rules of the kind the Old Covenant had? → eha016.htm
- A challenge to all believers, regarding something important. → ewa067.htm
Belshazzar (Aramaic Belshatstsar)
- Belshazzar was Nebuchadnezzar’s (grand)son and the last king of Babylon. → eda056.htm – ewa086.htm
- Belshazzar was the one whom the prophecy in Isaiah 14 referred to. → eda056.htm
- It was Belshazzar who saw how the words “mene mene tekel upharsin” were written on the wall (Daniel 5). → eda056.htm – ewa086.htm
- Look also under the headings “Nebuchadnezzar” and “Babylon”.
Belteshazzar – A Babylonian name given to the prophet Daniel, see Daniel 1:7.
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