The Bible Pages, key-word index, section Arabia to Azazel
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Section Arabia to Azazel (the other sections → key00.htm)
- The word “Arabia” occurs around times in the 15 Old Testament, and 3 times in the NT.
- In the Hebrew text, the words for “Arabia” and “Arabs” are Arab and Arabiy. In the Greek text of the LXX and the NT, they are Arabia and Arabes.
- Galatians 4:25 tells us that Mount Sinai was in Arabia. Which part of the Arabian peninsula does that refer to? → noa060.htm
Aramaic (“Chaldee”, “Syriac”)
- In some bible-versions, commentaries and so on, the Aramaic language is called “Chaldee”; some even call it “Syriac”.
- A small part of the Old Testament is written in Aramaic. An example of this is Daniel 4 (which contains a declaration by Nebuchadnezzar).
- Aramaic words occur, in transcribed forms, even in some passages in the Greek text of the New Testament.
- Where the Greek NT text has the words hebraikos, hebrais and hebraisti, that probably refers to Aramaic and not Hebrew. (The idiom being, “the language of the Hebrews”.) In New Testament times, Aramaic and Greek were the common languages among the Jews in the land of Israel.
- (The reason why also Greek was in those days spoken in that land, is that that area had for centuries been under Greek rule and influence. The Greek influence continued to be there, even under Roman rule.)
Araunah (Ornan) the Jebusite, and his threshing-ground – Look under the heading “Jebus, Jebusites”.
Archangel – On the actual meaning of the old Greek words angelos and archangelos. → nda070.htm
- The word “ark” (Old English earca) comes from the Latin arca which means “a box”, “a chest”. Bible-translators have copied the Catholic Latin Vulgate version’s arca, instead of using more clear words, such as “barge” for what Noah built, or “chest” for the gilded chest where the Old Covenant’s two tablets of stone were stored.
- Noah’s ark
- The record regarding Noah, the Ark and the Flood is found in Genesis 5–9(–10).
- In the Hebrew text, the Ark is called tebah (word origin unknown). In Genesis 6:14–19, 7:1–23, 8:1–19 and 9:10–18, the practical meaning of tebah is “barge”. The tebah or barge that Noah built was a very large one, about 150 metres long, 25 metres wide and 15 metres high.
- The word tebah was used even of smaller vessels: See Exodus 2:3–5 where it was used of the little boat or raft made of reeds, on which the boy Moses was sent into the Nile river.
- In Greek text of the LXX and the NT, the Ark is called kibôtos (NT: Matthew 24:38, Luke 17:27, Hebrews 11:7 and 1 Peter 3:20).
- The ark or chest where the Old Covenant’s two tablets of stone were kept (“the Ark of the Covenant”, “the Ark of the Lord”, “the Ark of the Testimony”):
- In the Hebrew text, the word for that gold-covered wooden chest is aron (arown) which simply means “chest” or “box” (and even “coffin”). Examples of the different uses of the word aron are found in Genesis 50:26, Exodus 25:10, 2 Kings 12:9. In the Greek text of the LXX and the NT, that chest is called kibôtos (NT: Hebrews 9:4; see even Revelation 11:19).
- The tablets of stone which contained the Decalogue were called eduwth, “witness”. That has led to the names “the Testimony” and “the Ark of the Testimony”. (“Testimony” and “witness” are synonyms.) → (nca030.htm)
- What happened to the Ark of the covenant? It could be that it was taken by Nebuchadnezzar’s soldiers when they destroyed the temple in Jerusalem, in the days of Jeremiah, around year 586 BCE. There was no ark in the second temple.
- Regarding the Anglo-Israelist claim that the prophet Jeremiah transported the Ark to Ireland, see the article nya120.htm.
- Around year 70, there was a horrible, incredible slaughter where the Roman army almost wiped out the Jewish nation. → nga040.htm
- Revelation 19:19, “And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth, and their armies being assembled to make war with the One sitting on the horse, and with His army.” → (nwa021.htm)
- The rulers of this world with their armies – are they really “appointed of God”, as many bible-translations make it seem? → nwa021.htm
- Some bible-versions have “Diana” in Acts 19:24, 27, 28, 34 and 35. That is copied from the Latin text of the Catholic Vulgate version. In the Greek text of the NT, the word is Artemis. → (naa140.htm)
Asasel – Look below, under the heading “Azazel”.
- Asher was the patriarch Jacob’s eighth son (born by Leah’s handmaid Zilpah, her second child, see Genesis 30:12–13).
- Asher’s descendants formed the tribe of Asher, one of Israel’s twelve tribes.
- Between circa 2700 and 2500 years ago, the Israelites were driven out from the Promised Land and taken into captivity and dispersion. The northern tribes, including Asher, never returned to that land. Through this, they became the ten “lost” tribes of Israel.
- Some writers have claimed that the people of Belgium are “descendants of Asher”. Is that true? → nya090.htm
- In the New Testament, the word “Asia” refers to a part of the area which today forms the non-European part of Turkey (“Asia Minor”, Anatolia). Apparently, that area was given its name after the Greek myth-figure Asia who was the daughter of Okeanos.
- Some have claimed that the “churches in Asia”, Revelation 1–3 – the first century assemblies in Sardis, Laodicea, Philadelphia and so on – symbolised “church eras”. It appears that the “church eras” dogma was invented by the Baptist preacher William Miller (1782–1849); at least, he was among the first to promulgate it in a more public way. → naa030.htm
- On prayer and praying. → nba100.htm
- Should one ask God for a “sign” regarding something? → nba100.htm
- Should one ask God to “bless the food”? → nba100.htm
- Jesus said to his apostles, “If you make any request to me in my name, I will do it”. Does that apply even to other people? → nba100.htm
Assembly (regarding the saints’ assemblies or fellowships in the first century)
- Did the saints “go to church” or “attend church”? → (nga060.htm) – (naa040.htm)
- What was the role of elders, in the saints’ fellowships? → nea010.htm
- How did the saints choose their elders? And, were those elders “ordained”, and did they function as “priests” of some kind? → nea020.htm
- What does the Bible say about deacons? → nea060.htm
- “Servant leadership” – is that a biblical concept? Did elders in the saints’ fellowships act as “leaders”? → nea030.htm
- Did elders in the saints’ fellowships act as “rulers”? On the translation and meaning of Hebrews 13:7, 17 and 24 and certain other passages. → nea040.htm
- Where is the New Covenant’s “House of God” (“temple”)? → (naa040.htm)
- What and where was the ekklêsia or assembly which Jesus said he would form (Matthew 16:18)? Was it an earthly religious organisation as some claim, or something else? → naa010.htm
- The festal gathering and assembly of Hebrews 12:23 – the Greek text has panêgurei kai ekklêsia prôtotokôn en ouranois apogegrammenôn, “the festal gathering and assembly of the first-born ones registered in Heaven” – what time, place and event did those words actually refer to? → nba040.htm
Asshur, Assyria (Ashshuwr), Assyrian, Assyrians
- The ancient kingdom of Assyria. → (nwa080.htm, including a map) – (nga020.htm, point 3)
- Are there any Assyria-related prophecies that have not been fulfilled yet? → (nga020.htm, point 3) – (nwa080.htm)
- Some Anglo-Israelist writers have claimed that the Germans are “Assyrians”. Is that true? → (nya090.htm)
ASV (A bible-translation.) → nsa090.htm
Atonement, day of
- The Day of Atonement was one of the Old Covenant’s annual Sabbaths. On that day, the Israelites were to rest and to fast – there was to be no working, eating or drinking on that day.
- On the Day of Atonement, the Israelites’ sins were forgiven. → nxa040.htm
- The English word “atonement”, “at-one-ment”, is a construction from the early 1500s. It was probably copied from the Latin aduno which was combined from the preposition ad and uno, a form of unus, “one”.
- In early English bible-translations, that day was called “the day of clensyngis” (Wycliffe, 1395), “the daye of reconcylinge” (Coverdale, 1535), “a day of recóciliation” (the Geneva bible, 1560).
- In the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, that day is called yom ha-kippurim which means something like “day of reconciliations”. On that day, the Israelites’ sins were forgiven.
- On the Day of Atonement and its symbolism. → nxa040.htm
Author, authorised, authority, authorities
- Many bible-translations call the goat for Azazel (Leviticus 16:8, 10 and 26) by the name “scapegoat”. That is misleading, and many translations mislead even in regard to other things in the context. In reality, the goat for Azazel was not let escape but was thrown down from a high cliff so that it died. → nxa040.htm
- The meaning of the name Azazel. → nxa040.htm
Next section: Baal to Belteshazzar (the other sections → key00.htm)
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