Also, what about the ‘stone of destiny’ which some writers talk about?
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This study considers certain questions regarding the prophet Jeremiah. Background: Old Irish Catholic myths mention an Egyptian princess, a daughter of the Pharaoh, who travelled from Egypt to Ireland. Some writers have modified that story, so that the daughter of the Pharaoh has been replaced by an Israelite princess. They have also changed the timings, and made it seem that that princess was contemporary with the prophet Jeremiah.
What are the facts regarding the prophet Jeremiah? Did he go to Ireland, as some have claimed? Where did he end his life? And also, what about the “stone of destiny” which some writers have connected with Jeremiah? Even the matter of the “house of David”, kingly lineage, will be considered here.
Several towns and places have claimed that they have the tomb of the prophet Jeremiah. This is what one would expect; in the past, many have wanted to use the names of biblical figures for their own purposes, for giving fame to their town, for creating pilgrim- and tourist-interest, and so on.
But, several ancient writers, Elmakin, Epiphanius, Abulpharagius, Jerome and Tertullian (quoted by later historians), said that Jeremiah died in Egypt, that the Jews stoned him to death there, in a town or place by the name Tahpanhes. – The Scriptures do not record his death, but they do mention Tahpanhes. The below-quoted passage shows how Jeremiah came to Tahpanhes in Egypt. He travelled there, along with a group of Jews who were fleeing from the king of Babylon.
Jeremiah 43:1 And it came to pass, that when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking to all the people all the words of the Lord their God, for which the Lord their God had sent him to them, even all these words, 2 Then spoke Azariah the son of Hoshaiah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the proud men, saying to Jeremiah, You speak falsely: the Lord our God has not sent you to say, Go not into Egypt to sojourn there: 3 But Baruch the son of Neriah sets you on against us, for to deliver us into the hand of the Chaldeans, that they might put us to death, and carry us away captives into Babylon. 4 So Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces, and all the people, obeyed not the voice of the Lord, to dwell in the land of Judah. 5 But Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces, took all the remnant of Judah, that were returned from all nations, where they had been driven, to dwell in the land of Judah; 6 Even men, and women, and children, and the king’s daughters, and every person that Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had left with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Jeremiah the prophet, and Baruch the son of Neriah. 7 So they came into the land of Egypt: for they obeyed not the voice of the Lord: thus came they even to Tahpanhes. (AKJV)
There is no record, biblical or other, of the prophet Jeremiah travelling anywhere else after this. And again, several ancient writers said that Jeremiah was stoned to death, in Tahpanhes.
Under the following headings, there are some notes regarding the “Irish annals” which some have in a vague manner referred to.
Here is a quote from “standard letter 004” that used to be sent out by a certain formerly Pasadena-based church which for a long time had Anglo-Israelism as one of its central dogmas.
“It is significant that most kings of Scotland and England have been Masons and that one of their traditional beliefs is that the house of David was transferred to Northwest Europe from Palestine. This information can be found in Algernon Herbert’s ‘Britannica After the Romans’. The old book entitled ‘Irish Prince and Hebrew Prophet,’ Masonic Publishing Company, Bleecker Street, New York City, also makes reference to a Hebrew prophet (Jeremiah), especially in chapters 5, 11, and 12.”
The first of the books which the above-quoted “standard letter 004” referred to, is actually titled “Britannia after the Romans, etc” (printed in London in 1836, author Algernon Herbert). It calls itself “an essay on history”, but it is not that. Instead, it contains all kinds of fictitious stories and notes on occult and magic and other such things, including Mithraism, druidism, Arthurian tales, Freemasonry, and so on. It is in that kind of context, that that book mentions even such things as “the magic wand of Moses”, “the crown and sword of David”, “the sceptre of David”, “the magic ship of Solomon”, and so on. In short: That book is a compilation of all kinds of occult and similar stories, often without any connection with reality.
(Well, the author of that book succeeded in sorting out one thing. He noted that some have spoken about “the ancient idolatrous Irish [who] had a portable shrine called arn-breith”, and that some have claimed that it was the same as the Ark of the covenant which is mentioned in the Bible. He then remarked that those who connect the old Irish phrase arn-breith with the Ark of the Covenant – on the basis that the old Hebrew word beriyth meant “covenant” – forget that “the Irish did not speak Hebrew but Erse, in which tongue the plain words, arn breith, mean the judge’s doom or judgment”.)
The earlier quoted “standard letter” failed to give the full name for the other book which it mentioned. Its title is actually “The Irish Prince and the Hebrew Prophet, A Masonic Tale of the Captive Jews and the Ark of the Covenant” (Freemason publishing house, 1896. Author anonymous, possibly Joseph Vahle).
Many parts of the Anglo-Israelist dogma which the above-mentioned church taught, came from that book. It consists of a number of fictitious, fabulous stories. It refers to various kinds of Freemason “mysteries”, and at least in the original printing it had even occult signs and a scull and bones on the cover as well as on the first text page. (A note: Freemasonry is a religion, but it does not serve the true God. The article hv04.htm has more on this.)
It is from books of the above-mentioned kind, that a number of writers have copied the claim that the prophet Jeremiah travelled to Ireland and took with him the daughters of the Jewish king Zedekiah and in that way moved a “kingly line”, “house of David”, to Ireland.
Some of those fiction books, and writers who have copied things from them, have in a vague manner referred to Irish legends or “annals”. (Those so-called “annals” were written by Catholic monks or priests, in the 1500s and 1600s. There is more on this, a bit later in this article.)
Those vague references to “Irish annals” often include a mention of a princess who came from Egypt, and also a myth-figure called Ollam Fola. But, the “annals” in question do not in any way mention the prophet Jeremiah or the daughters of Zedekiah. Also: The timings which those “annals” give for the arrival of the Egyptian princess to Ireland, and for the life-span of the myth-figure Ollam Fola, cannot be aligned with the prophet Jeremiah’s life-span.
Consider this: If there existed historical documents that supported the claim that Jeremiah travelled to Ireland, we can be certain that Anglo-Israelist writers and publishers would have produced millions of facsimile copies of them, and spread them to all they could reach. But, they have not done that. Why? Simply because there are no ancient documents that would support their claims.
A note: Some writers have said that it could be that Anglo-Israelism as such, eventually including its “line of David” part, was invented by a certain John Dee (c. 1527-1609). Dee was active in the early days of England’s imperialism. He was an alchemist, an occultist, a founder of the occult Rosicrucian movement, and other similar things, and also an adviser and intelligencer for queen Elisabeth I.
The “line of David” matter is considered a bit later in this study.
As was noted earlier, some Anglo-Israelist writers have vaguely referred to Irish Catholic legends or “annals”. Often, they have in that connection mentioned a myth-figure by the name “Ollam Fola”, and claimed that he was the prophet Jeremiah.
But, there is no connection between the prophet Jeremiah, and the figure Ollam Fola of the Irish Catholic myths. This matter is discussed in more detail a bit later, but again, consider this: If there existed historical documents that gave support to the claim that Jeremiah travelled to Ireland, we can be certain that in such a case, Anglo-Israelist writers and publishers would have reproduced and multiplied them in facsimile, in thousands and millions of copies, and forced them on the world. But, they have not done that. For, there are no such documents.
The facts are that the by Irish Catholic monks and priests written “annals” do not contain one single word about the prophet Jeremiah or about the daughters of Zedekiah. Those “annals” do mention a woman who came from Egypt, but she was an Egyptian princess, a daughter of the Pharaoh. And also: That event took place several hundred years before Jeremiah’s lifetime.
In the imperialist England of the 1800s, many British-Israelist books were written. (British-Israelism claims the people of Britain to be Israelites.) One of those books, printed in 1861, mentions a mystical figure “Ollam Fola” of Irish legends, and insinuates that he supposedly was identical with the prophet Jeremiah. The author of that book changed the timings and made it seem that Ollam Fola was contemporary with Jeremiah. Then he proceeded to say, in effect, “Well, who else could that person have been, other than Jeremiah?” – Here, it is hoped that anyone who for some reason reads such books, checks what ancient historians and writers really have said, in regard to where and when prophet Jeremiah ended his life. More: An analytical reader will also check what the timing actually was, for the events in question, in the Irish legends that some Anglo-Israelist writers have in a vague way referred to. – Read on, for more on this.
The Babylonians took Jerusalem in 586 BCE. Some time after that, the prophet Jeremiah followed certain Jews to Egypt. According to several ancient writers, some of those Jews then killed him there.
The Irish myth-figure Ollam Fola a lived and died several hundred years before that. Keating’s “History of Ireland” b dates Ollam Fola’s reign to 943-913 BCE; “Annals of the four masters” c date it to 1318-1278 BCE.
Ollam Fola is said to have built some structure at Tara, and formed an assembly there. It is also said that he made himself the high king of Ireland, after having killed his predecessor Faildergdoit, whose father Muinemon had killed Ollam Fola’s father Fiachu Finscothach. – As anyone can see, those things simply cannot be connected to Jeremiah.
a Ollam Fola is also spelled Ollamh Fodlah and Ollom Fotla, eventually meaning “the teacher from Fodla”.
b “History of Ireland” = Foras Feasa ar Éirinn, in translation something like “foundation of knowledge on Ireland”. Written by the Catholic priest Seathrún Céitinn (circa 1569-1644) whose name has been anglicised as “Geoffrey Keating”.
c “Annals of the four masters” = Annala na gCeithre Mhaistrí, also called Annala Rioghachta Eireann, “Annals of the kingdom of Ireland” – a Catholic work. Some say that it was written between 1632 and 1636 in a Franciscan monastery in Donegal Town.
(This is a short synopsis of a certain part of that matter. The article gu10.htm has more on what the Scriptures actually say about David’s “kingly line”.)
A note: The following contains some translation-related comments. If you have been subjected to dogmas which claim that some particular bible-version has all things right and is “without error”, make sure to read the article ms03.htm.
Some writers have quoted Ezekiel 21:27, in translations which have in that verse the wording “overturn, overturn, overturn”. They have claimed those three words to mean that the kingly line was moved from Israel via Egypt to Ireland and then to Scotland and finally to England. Even that comes from the earlier mentioned Freemason fiction book. It claims that the prophet Jeremiah transported “the daughters of Zedekiah” to Ireland and in that way moved the “the house of David” (kingly lineage) there.
Let us take a closer look at this matter. – First, a few notes on the word which some have translated as “overturn”, Ezekiel 21:27.
The Hebrew word in question is the noun avvah which refers to “ruin”. (See the below-quoted translations, or some better lexicon of old Hebrew. Many of the “biblical” lexicons are very limited, and often quite misleading.) – In short: That verse has nothing to do with “moving”. It talks about the overthrowing (ruin) of the line of David. It tells us that after that ruin, there was not to be a king of David’s line, not until the coming of the One who had a right to that rulership – that is, Jesus. Read all of the following scripture-quotes, with care and with thought.
Ezekiel 21:26 ‘thus says the Lord God: “Remove the turban, and take off the crown; Nothing shall remain the same. Exalt the humble, and humble the exalted. 27 Overthrown, overthrown, I will make it overthrown! It shall be no longer, Until He comes whose right it is, And I will give it to Him.”’ (NKJV)
“Until He comes whose right it is” – that refers to Jesus. Another translation:
Ezekiel 21:26 This is what the Sovereign Lord says: “Take off your jeweled crown, for the old order changes. Now the lowly will be exalted, and the mighty will be brought down. 27 Destruction! Destruction! I will surely destroy the kingdom. And it will not be restored until the one appears who has the right to judge it. (NLT04)
Jeremiah 39:6 Then the king of Babylon killed the sons of Zedekiah in Riblah before his eyes. Also the king of Babylon killed all the nobles of Judah. (ACV, highlighting added)
Hosea 3:4 For the sons of Israel shall abide many days without king, and without ruler, and without sacrifice, and without pillar, and without ephod or teraphim. (ACV)
“Without pillar” – the word “pillar” will be considered later in this study. The following prophecies refer to still later times:
Jeremiah 33:14 “The day will come, says the Lord, when I will do for Israel and Judah all the good things I have promised them. 15 “In those days and at that time I will raise up a righteous descendant from King David’s line. He will do what is just and right throughout the land. (NLT04)
Amos 9:11 “In that day I will restore the fallen house of David. I will repair its damaged walls. From the ruins I will rebuild it and restore its former glory. (NLT04)
For more on the matter of “the line of David” – when it really was to be established as a non-broken rulership, and how and in whom – see the article gu10.htm, and the comments below.
The promise regarding king David’s lineage was partially subject to obedience. Several bible-passages, including the ones quoted above, make it clear that even though David’s physical lineage continued, the continuity of the “throne” (rulership) was broken. – Now, there was even an unconditional part to the Lord’s promise to David. However, it was not specified when that unconditional part was to be fulfilled. The Lord had promised to establish the lineage (“tent”, “house”) of king David. Later, that promise was indeed fulfilled, in Jesus who is the promised descendant “whose right it is” (Ezekiel 21:27), who has the right to that throne (rulership). We read:
Luke 1:30 And the angel said to her, Fear not, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 And behold, you shall conceive and bear a son, whom you shall name Jesus. 32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest. And the Lord God will give him the throne of David his Father. 33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob forever: his reign shall never end. (LO, highlighting added)
(A note: Jesus did not establish his reign here on Earth, in the first century. But in the future, his reign will come into effect even here.)
Again, the article gu10.htm has more on what the Scriptures tell us regarding David’s “kingly line”.
The so-called “fatal stone” is a stone that has been used at the inauguration of kings and queens – according to myths, already before the Catholic era. Thence the name “coronation stone”. In Scotland, it was kept in a place called Scone, whence the name “the stone of Scone”. In the year 1296, Edward I who was the king of England, invaded Scotland and took, among other things, that stone as spoils of war and moved it to England. There, it came to be placed in Westminster Abbey (which in those days was a Catholic church building). – In 1996, that stone was returned to Scotland.
A note: Some have suggested that the “coronation stone” may have come from Ireland. Some even call it by the Irish name Liag Fail or Lia Fail, “fatal stone” or “stone of destiny”. Some myths say that in the 500s or so, a stone was moved from Ireland to Scotland. That stone is said to be connected with the Tuatha Dé Danann, the “peoples of the goddess Danu”. (The present-day stone by the name Liag Fail in Tara in Ireland is a different one, of course.)
Various myths have been woven around the Scottish Knight-Templar and Freemason relic stone. One of them claims that it supposedly is “Jacob’s pillar stone”, an allusion to Genesis 28. (The “pillar” matter will be considered a bit later in this study.) It appears that many of those tales have endeavoured to give a “biblical base” for the British “royal house”. In short: It may be that those stories were produced as a part of an effort to justify England’s ruthless imperialism.
As the earlier mentioned “standard letter 004” said, it could well be that most kings of Scotland and later of England, have been Masons (or Templars). Apparently, also James VI of Scotland, who later was coronated as James I of England, was a Knight-Templar (about the same as a Freemason). The above-mentioned Templar and Freemason mystery relic stone was used even at his coronation.
Some have mentioned the Irish-born English free-thinker and writer John Toland (1670-1722) who is said to have written or noted regarding that stone, “it is now called by the vulgar, ‘Jacob’s stone’”. – Please note that Toland’s use of the word “now” indicates that the “Jacob’s stone” story was invented some time in the 1600s or in the early 1700s. Point: Just as many of the other stories which form the base of Anglo-Israelism, even that one was woven in England’s imperialistic times. It is not known who invented that particular story, but as was noted earlier, it could be that the original inventor of at least some of those things was John Dee. – By the way, it is said that it was Dee who coined the phrase “British Empire”.
Some have created a story around the word “branch” which many bible-versions have in Ezekiel 17:22. They have claimed that the word “branch” in that verse refers to a daughter of Zedekiah. (Zedekiah was a descendant of king David. The Babylonians made him a ruler in Jerusalem, but later they imprisoned him and took him to Babylon, and killed his sons. See 2 Kings 24:11-17 and 2 Kings 25:1-7, and also Jeremiah 39:6 which states that the king of Babylon killed all the nobles of Judah.)
Now, to the passage in the book of Ezekiel.
Ezekiel 17:22 Thus said the Lord God; I will also take of the highest branch of the high cedar, and will set it; I will crop off from the top of his young twigs a tender one, and will plant it on an high mountain and eminent (AKJV)
The facts are, of course, that the prophetic words in Ezekiel 17:22 and its context referred to Jesus, and not to a daughter of Zedekiah. The article mu11.htm has more on this.
(Some notes regarding “king” Zedekiah: Again, he was a puppet ruler, appointed by the Babylonians who had taken over the land of Israel. See for instance 2 Kings 24:11-17. So, he was not a real king of Israel. But, there is no need to care about Zedekiah or his eventual daughters in this connection, because the Egyptian princess whom certain Irish Catholic “annals” mention, and whom some writers have connected with Ezekiel 17:22, came to Ireland hundreds of years before Zedekiah’s and Jeremiah’s lifetime. And again, see also the clear words in the last part of Jeremiah 39:6.)
Some writers have produced stories and dogmas around certain bible-passages which mention “pillars”. In connection with their “Jacob’s pillar stone” dogma, they have quoted certain words in Genesis 28, and claimed those words to be connected with 2 Chronicles 23:13 which talks about “the king standing by his pillar”.
Even that is taken from the earlier mentioned Freemason book which consists of a number of fictitious and totally fabulous stories. One of those stories claims that the prophet Jeremiah transported “Jacob’s pillar stone” and the Ark of the Covenant from Israel to Egypt and then to Ulster in Ireland, “on one of Dan’s ships”. In order to defend that claim, that book then claims – without any basis in reality – that in that connection, “Irish history comes majestically to our relief”, and then it further claims it to be “an indisputable historical fact that in 580 B.C. there arrived in the North of Ireland a Hebrew princess whose name was Tea Tephi, and she was accompanied by two men, one of whom was a prophet”.
But, the woman whom those Catholic “annals” mention, came to Ireland, not “580 B.C.” but much earlier, several hundred years before Jeremiah and Zedekiah were even born. Also, she was an Egyptian princess, a daughter of a Pharaoh. And again, those by Catholic monks or priests written “Irish annals” do not contain one single word about the prophet Jeremiah. – A side-note: It appears that even some of the most ardent supporters of Anglo-Israelism have rejected the “princess Tea-Tephi” story as bogus created in the 1800s.
Now, the following passages do mention a stone which Jacob had under his head, and which he then did some rites with.
Genesis 28:17 And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this place! this is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven. 18 And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone [Hebrew eben] that he had put for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar [Hebrew matstsebah], and poured oil on the top of it. (AKJV, comments added)
Genesis 28:22 And this stone [eben], which I have set for a pillar [matstsebah], shall be God’s house: and of all that you shall give me I will surely give the tenth to you. (AKJV, comments added)
(A note: For instance in KJV1769, the most common translation for the Hebrew noun matstsebah is “image”, that is, an idol.)
But, there is no connection between the stone which those scriptures mention, and the Knight-Templar and Freemason relic stone which today is stored in Scotland. Nor do those passages in Genesis refer to this pillar:
2 Chronicles 23:13 When she looked, there was the king standing by his pillar [Hebrew ammuwd] at the entrance (NKJV, comment added)
In that verse, the Hebrew text has ammuwd, referring to a large column in the temple area. Here is a note on 2 Chronicles 23:13 in the 1871 Jamieson, Faucett and Brown commentary.
13. behold, the king stood at his pillar at the entering in—The king’s pillar was in the people’s court, opposite that of the priests’. The young king, arrayed in the royal insignia, had been brought out of the inner, to stand forth in the outer court, to the public view. Some think that he stood on the brazen scaffold of Solomon, erected beside the pillar.
Again, the pillar (ammuwd) which is mentioned in 2 Chronicles 23:13, was a large pillar (column) in the temple area. It had nothing to do with the small stone (eben, matstsebah) of Genesis 28:18 and 22. The word matstsebah could refer to an image, a marker stone or even a tombstone, but not anything as large as the ammuwd of 2 Chronicles 23:13 which refers to a large column.
Summarising this point: The pillar of 2 Chronicles 23:13 had nothing to do with the stone which Jacob had put under his head and then poured oil on (Genesis 28:18 and 22). But, some writers have quoted all kinds of stories, and invented new ones, in order to make people believe that the Freemason relic stone which used to be stored in Westminster Abbey but is now in Scotland, supposedly had its origins in the temple in Jerusalem.
The earlier mentioned Freemason book which some Anglo-Israelist writers have used as a source for their writings, mentions “Dan’s ships”. That is connected to a claim that “Danites” (Israelites of the tribe of Dan) supposedly travelled on ships from Egypt to Ireland.
Some writers have connected that claim, with certain Irish myths which mention a group by the name Tuatha Dé Danann, meaning “peoples of the goddess Danu”. But, that group had nothing to do with the tribe of Dan of Israel. The article hu13.htm has more on this, and considers even the claims that Danites would have settled in Greece and Denmark.
Some have even claimed that the Knight-Templars’ and Freemasons’ “sacred” stone (the “stone of Scone”) supposedly is “the Rock of Israel” which is mentioned in the Scriptures. Some have gone as far as to claim that the in Exodus 17:6 mentioned rock from which water poured forth for the Israelites, supposedly was that Freemason relic stone, and that the prophet Jeremiah transported it from Israel to Egypt and further to Ireland.
But again, Irish “annals” do not even mention Jeremiah, and ancient writers say that he died in Egypt. And: The Scriptures tell us the identity of “the Rock of Israel”, “the Rock that followed them”. Let us read what the apostle Paul wrote about that “Rock”.
1 Corinthians 10:1 Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, 2 all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ. (NKJV)
In other words, that “Rock” was and is the Lord Jesus. (The matter of Jesus’ past identity – who he was before he became a mortal – is something for a separate study. But, even Paul’s words in the above-quoted 1 Corinthians 10:4 make that matter quite clear.)
Some might try to explain 1 Corinthians 10:4 away, by saying, “The Greek word christos in that verse means ‘anointed’, and Jacob’s stone was anointed.” But, most people should be able to see that such talk about an “anointed, sacred stone” is nonsense. The Christos or the Anointed who is “the Rock of Israel” and who followed the ancient Israelites in the desert (1 Corinthians 10:4), was the Lord, and not some Freemason relic-stone.
Still regarding rocks – in this case literal ones: Exodus 17:6 and Psalms 78:15 record how the Lord gave the Israelites water to drink, not from a small stone that could be carried around but from rocks, cliffs (Hebrew tsuwr). We read:
Exodus 17:6 I will be standing there in front of you on the rock [tsuwr] at Horeb. Strike the rock, and water will come out of it, so that the people may drink.” Moses did so, in the sight of the elders of Israel. (NRSV, comment added)
Psalms 78:15 He split rocks [tsuwr] open in the wilderness, and gave them drink abundantly as from the deep. (NRSV, comment added)
Again, some Anglo-Israelist writers have caused people to believe that the rocks or cliffs of Exodus 17:6 and Psalms 78:15, consisted of the small stone which Jacob had put under his head (Genesis 28:17, quoted earlier). But, the rocks or cliffs (Hebrew tsuwr) which in the desert were broken up to let out water, were not stones (matstsebah) that could be carried around.
And again, as for the phrase “the Rock of Israel” – it refers to the Lord. There are many references to him as “the Rock”. Here is an example of that:
2 Samuel 22:2 And he said: “The Lord is my rock [selah] and my fortress and my deliverer (NKJV, comment added)
1 Corinthians 10:4, Matthew 7:24-25, Luke 6:48, Romans 9:33 and 1 Peter 2:8 (the Greek text) refer to the Lord Jesus as the Rock (of foundation). The article ha05.htm has more on this.
In other words: The Lord Jesus is the true “Stone of Destiny”.
Links to the other 14 parts in this series on the tribes of Israel are found in the “recommended reading” section, below.
Please send or mention the address to this site to others. You can also link to these pages. The address to the table of contents page is biblepages.net/glist.htm
Recommended reading here at the Bible Pages, on related as well as other matters
An explanation of the short names for the bible-translations that are quoted or mentioned at this site. → hs09.htm
On the King James translation, the “authorised version”. The story behind king James’ bible, including the men who were involved in producing it. → ms03.htm
Freemasonry and Freemason halls – things believers should know about them. → hv04.htm
Is Jesus a “capstone on top of a pyramid”, as some say, or is he the main corner-stone of the foundation of God’s spiritual dwelling, as the Bible says? → ha05.htm
A word-search puzzle on the prophet Jeremiah. → hp01.htm#57
The other parts in the “tribes” series:
Table of contents – What’s new here? – Key-word index – Search function – Contact, comments, questions – Goal and purpose
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